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Chirality-enabled optical dipole potential energy for two-level atoms

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JournalPhysical Review A
DateAccepted/In press - 18 Dec 2020
DatePublished (current) - 13 Jan 2021
Volume103
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

We consider the optical dipole potential energy, which arises from the interaction of a two-level atom with a circularly polarized Laguerre-Gaussian laser beam of small waist. The beam is characterized by the existence of a longitudinal electric field component which is responsible for the appearance of a chiral term in the optical
dipole potential energy. This term reverses sign if either the winding number or the wave polarization of the beam reverses sign. We propose a scheme of a bi-chromatic vortex interaction with the two-level atom in which the resulting optical dipole potential is fully chiral.

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