By the same authors

From the same journal

Cleaning and sterilisation of infant feeding equipment: a systematic review

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review



Publication details

JournalPublic Health Nutrition
DatePublished - Nov 2008
Issue number11
Number of pages12
Pages (from-to)1188-1199
Original languageEnglish


Aim: To assess the clinical and cost-effectiveness of different methods of cleaning and sterilisation of infant feeding equipment used in the home.

Design: Systematic review of studies from developed countries on the effectiveness of methods of cleaning and sterilisation of infant feeding equipment used in the home. A brief telephone survey of UK-based manufacturers of infant feeding equipment and formula to ascertain the evidence base used for their recommendations, and a comparison of current relevant guidelines in developed countries, informed the work.

Results: National guidelines from six countries demonstrated variation and lack of evidence to support current guidance. Manufacturers did not report evidence of effectiveness to support their recommendations. Nine studies were identified; eight conducted between 1962 and 1985 and one in 1997. All had methodological weaknesses. Hand-washing was identified as fundamentally important. Health professionals were reported as not providing appropriate education on the importance and methods of cleaning and sterilisation. Mothers of subsequent babies and women from lower socio-economic groups were less likely to follow recommended procedures.

Conclusion: There is a lack of good-quality evidence on effective ways of cleaning and sterilising infant feeding equipment in the home. The evidence base does not answer the question about which of the methods in common use is most effective or most likely to be used by parents. Hand-washing before handling feeding equipment remains important. Further research on the range of methods used in the home environment, including assessment of the views of parents and carers, is required.

    Research areas

  • Battle feeding, Infant nutrition, Infant formula, Infection, Sterilisation, Systematic review, POLYCARBONATE BABY BOTTLES, BISPHENOL-A, FORMULA, MILK, STANDARDS, UTENSILS, HOME

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