Climate change, biotic interactions and ecosystem services

Jose M. Montoya, Dave Raffaelli

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialpeer-review

Abstract

Climate change is real. The wrangling debates are over, and we now need to move onto a predictive ecology that will allow managers of landscapes and policy makers to adapt to the likely changes in biodiversity over the coming decades. There is ample evidence that ecological responses are already occurring at the individual species (population) level. The challenge is how to synthesize the growing list of such observations with a coherent body of theory that will enable us to predict where and when changes will occur, what the consequences might be for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and what we might do practically in order to maintain those systems in as good condition as possible. It is thus necessary to investigate the effects of climate change at the ecosystem level and to consider novel emergent ecosystems composed of new species assemblages arising from differential rates of range shifts of species. Here, we present current knowledge on the effects of climate change on biotic interactions and ecosystem services supply, and summarize the papers included in this volume. We discuss how resilient ecosystems are in the face of the multiple components that characterize climate change, and suggest which current ecological theories may be used as a starting point to predict ecosystem-level effects of climate change.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2013-2018
Number of pages6
JournalPhilosophical Transactions Of The Royal Society Of London Series B - Biological Sciences
Volume365
Issue number1549
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 2010

Keywords

  • climate change
  • ecosystem services
  • biotic interactions
  • biodiversity
  • ecological networks
  • resilience
  • WARMING ALTERS
  • TROPHIC LEVELS
  • GLOBAL CHANGE
  • RESPONSES
  • BIODIVERSITY
  • WEB
  • IMPACTS
  • MARGINS
  • PLANTS

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