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CO release from norbornadiene iron(0) tricarbonyl complexes: Importance of ligand dissociation

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JournalOrganometallics
DatePublished - 27 Aug 2012
Issue number16
Volume31
Pages (from-to)5894-5902
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

An investigation into the CO-releasing properties of a range of iron tricarbonyl and chromium and molybdenum tetracarbonyl complexes is presented. Iron tricarbonyl complexes containing the 2,5-bicyclo[2.2.1]heptene (norbornadiene) ligand are shown to be effective CO-releasing molecules, in which the rate and extent of CO release may be modulated by modification of the norbornadiene framework. Species containing the parent norbornadiene and those with a substituent at the 7-position of the organic ligand exhibit CO release; those containing ester substituents at the 2- and/or 3-positions do not. A mechanism for CO release in this species is proposed which involves initial norbornadiene dissociation, a suggestion which is supported by the spectroscopic data and the observation that the addition of excess substituted norbornadiene retards the rate of CO release. CO release from the diester-containing norbornadiene complex may be promoted photochemically, and cell viability studies indicate that in the absence of light this complex is nontoxic, making it an excellent candidate for further study as a photo-CO-RM. Both the chromium and molybdenum tetracarbonyl complexes release CO, which in the case of the molybdenum analogue is rapid.

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