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Coercion and third-party mediation of identity-based conflict

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review



Publication details

DateAccepted/In press - 2 Dec 2018
DateE-pub ahead of print - 29 Jan 2019
DatePublished (current) - Jul 2019
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)387-406
Early online date29/01/19
Original languageEnglish


This article analyses third-party mediation of identity-based conflicts, which are notoriously difficult to resolve. It seeks to reconcile the contradiction in the mediation literature between the need for less coercive strategies to ensure ownership of a peace agreement and the need for more coercive strategies to reach a final agreement. Through an analysis of mediation of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the article makes four contributions to existing literature. First, the article develops a theoretical ‘best fit’ model that proposes a u-shaped relationship between intensity of mediator coercion and transition through phases of negotiation. Second, it challenges the prevailing notion that pre-negotiation does not involve coercion. Third, it suggests that epistemological and ontological understandings of a conflict and the role of a mediator by both the mediator and the parties mean that mediators enjoy limited capacity to effectively shift from high- to low-coercive strategies. Multi-party mediation can provide the flexibility needed to execute the coercion u-curve effectively. Fourth, it challenges existing understandings of the US-mediated negotiations during the Annapolis process, 2007-8.

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    Research areas

  • MEDIATION, Israeli-Palestinian conflict, US foreign policy, Coercion, identity-based conflict

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