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Collaborative competence in dialogue: Pragmatic language impairment as a window onto the psychopathology of autism

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JournalResearch in Autism Spectrum Disorders
DateAccepted/In press - 25 Sep 2017
DateE-pub ahead of print - 6 Oct 2017
DatePublished (current) - Nov 2017
Volume43-44
Number of pages13
Pages (from-to)27-39
Early online date6/10/17
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Background: Pragmatic language, including conversational ability, can be difficult for people with autism. Difficulties with dialogue may reflect impairment in interpersonal engagement more than general language ability. Method: We investigated conversational abilities among children and adolescents with and without autism (n = 18 per group) matched for language proficiency and productivity. Videotaped conversations from the Autism Diagnostic Observational Schedule (ADOS, Lord, Rutter, DiLavore, & Risi, 2001) were rated according to the Collaborative Competence in Dialogue (CCD) scale featuring six verbal and non-verbal ‘cues’ that conversational partners use to sustain dialogue. Results: Participants with autism produced significantly fewer ‘typical’ communicative cues and more cues rated as intermittent or rote/stereotyped, even when non-verbal items (gaze) were removed from consideration. Within the autism group, competence in dialogue was not correlated with ‘general’ language ability, but was correlated with a measure of pragmatic ability. Conclusions: Difficulties with collaboration in dialogue may mirror the intermittent or incomplete interpersonal engagement of children with autism. Implications: Assessment of language ability in autism should include observation in unstructured social settings.

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© 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy.

    Research areas

  • ADOS, Autism, Conversation, Identification, Pragmatic language

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