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Commensurate harmonic oscillators: classical symmetries

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JournalJournal of Mathematical Physics
DatePublished - Aug 2002
Issue number8
Volume43
Number of pages16
Pages (from-to)4110-4126
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The symmetry properties of a classical N-dimensional harmonic oscillator with rational frequency ratios are studied from a global point of view. A commensurate oscillator possesses the same number of globally defined constants of motion as an isotropic oscillator. In both cases invariant phase-space functions form the algebra su(N) with respect to the Poisson bracket. In the isotropic case, the phase-space flows generated by the invariants can be integrated globally to a set of finite transformations isomorphic to the group SU(N). For a commensurate oscillator, however, the group SU(N) of symmetry transformations is found to exist only on a reduced phase space, due to unavoidable singularities of the flow in the full phase space. It is therefore crucial to distinguish carefully between local and global definitions of symmetry transformations in phase space. This result solves the longstanding problem of which symmetry to associate with a commensurate harmonic oscillator.

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