Comparative Assessment of Different Histidine-Tags for Immobilization of Protein onto Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensorchips

Marcus Fischer, Andrew P. Leech, Roderick E. Hubbard

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Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) is widely used to assess the kinetics and thermodynamics of binding of two molecules. The major challenge is immobilization of one molecule onto the sensorchip for robust detection of binding of the other molecule. We have compared a number of immobilization strategies for noncovalent attachment of an example protein (the substrate binding protein SiaP) by hexa-histidine (His), deca-His, and double-His tags to a nickel-nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) surface. The stability of immobilization was assessed, and the binding of two low molecular weight ligands, Neu5Ac and 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononic acid (KDN), at different temperatures studied. The hexa-His tagged SiaP washed off from the surface too rapidly for ligand binding to be measured reliably. Systematic variation of chip loading identified conditions under which the deca-His tagged SiaP could generate reliable results. The double-His tagged protein performed as well as covalently attached deca-His tagged protein at 15, 25, and 35 C. The observed ligand binding kinetics were comparable for all immobilization strategies, and thermodynamic values calculated from SPR are in agreement with solution-based isothermal titration calorimetry measurements. Extended trials suggest that covalent attachment is preferable for screening campaigns, whereas the double-His-tag strategy allows rapid regeneration of the chip, for example, when tight binding compounds are assessed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1800-1807
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2011


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