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Comparing the impact of future cropland expansion on global biodiversity and carbon storage across models and scenarios

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Comparing the impact of future cropland expansion on global biodiversity and carbon storage across models and scenarios. / Molotoks, Amy; Henry, Roslyn C; Stehfest, Elke; Doelman, Jonathan; Havlík, Petr; Krisztin, Tamás ; Alexander, Peter; Dawson, Terence P.; Smith, Pete.

In: Philosophical Transactions Of The Royal Society Of London Series B - Biological Sciences, 27.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Molotoks, A, Henry, RC, Stehfest, E, Doelman, J, Havlík, P, Krisztin, T, Alexander, P, Dawson, TP & Smith, P 2020, 'Comparing the impact of future cropland expansion on global biodiversity and carbon storage across models and scenarios', Philosophical Transactions Of The Royal Society Of London Series B - Biological Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2019.0189

APA

Molotoks, A., Henry, R. C., Stehfest, E., Doelman, J., Havlík, P., Krisztin, T., Alexander, P., Dawson, T. P., & Smith, P. (2020). Comparing the impact of future cropland expansion on global biodiversity and carbon storage across models and scenarios. Philosophical Transactions Of The Royal Society Of London Series B - Biological Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2019.0189

Vancouver

Molotoks A, Henry RC, Stehfest E, Doelman J, Havlík P, Krisztin T et al. Comparing the impact of future cropland expansion on global biodiversity and carbon storage across models and scenarios. Philosophical Transactions Of The Royal Society Of London Series B - Biological Sciences. 2020 Jan 27. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2019.0189

Author

Molotoks, Amy ; Henry, Roslyn C ; Stehfest, Elke ; Doelman, Jonathan ; Havlík, Petr ; Krisztin, Tamás ; Alexander, Peter ; Dawson, Terence P. ; Smith, Pete. / Comparing the impact of future cropland expansion on global biodiversity and carbon storage across models and scenarios. In: Philosophical Transactions Of The Royal Society Of London Series B - Biological Sciences. 2020.

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@article{ca7bbd4f3cc1466d807aaec1160d0245,
title = "Comparing the impact of future cropland expansion on global biodiversity and carbon storage across models and scenarios",
abstract = "Land-use change is a direct driver of biodiversity and carbon storage loss. Projections of future land-use often include notable expansion of cropland areas in response to changes in climate and food demand, although there are largeuncertainties in results between models and scenarios. This study examines these uncertainties by comparing three different socio-economic scenarios (SSP1-3) across three models (IMAGE, GLOBIOM and PLUMv2). It assesses the impacts on biodiversity metrics and direct carbon loss from biomass and soil as a direct consequence of cropland expansion. Results show substantial variation between models and scenarios, with little overlap across all nine projections. Although SSP1 projects the least impact, there are still significant impacts projected. IMAGE and GLOBIOM project the greatest impact across carbon storage and biodiversity metrics due to both extent and location of cropland expansion. Furthermore, for all the biodiversity and carbon metrics used, there is a greater proportion of variance explained by model used. This demonstrates the importance of improving the accuracy of land-based models. Incorporating effects of land-use change in biodiversity impact assessments would also help better prioritise future protection of biodiverse and carbon-rich areas.",
keywords = "land use change, biodiversity, carbon storage, integrated models",
author = "Amy Molotoks and Henry, {Roslyn C} and Elke Stehfest and Jonathan Doelman and Petr Havl{\'i}k and Tam{\'a}s Krisztin and Peter Alexander and Dawson, {Terence P.} and Pete Smith",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2020 The Authors. Acknowledgements Conservation International, The Alliance for Zero Extinction and the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) are acknowledged for provision of data. Funding statement This work contributes to the Belmont Forum/FACCE-JPI DEVIL project (NE/M021327/1) and the NERC funded Soils-RGGREAT project (NE/P019455/1). AM is supported by a Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) EastBio Studentship (http://www.eastscotbiodtp.ac.uk/) (grant number BB/M010996/1) and the Global Challenges Research Fund Trade, Development and the Environment Hub project (ES/S008160/1). PA and RH are supported by the UK{\textquoteright}s Global Food Security Programme project {\textquoteleft}Resilience of the UK food system to Global Shocks{\textquoteright} (RUGS, BB/N020707/1).",
year = "2020",
month = jan,
day = "27",
doi = "10.1098/rstb.2019.0189",
language = "English",
journal = "Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences",
issn = "1471-2970",
publisher = "Royal Society of London",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparing the impact of future cropland expansion on global biodiversity and carbon storage across models and scenarios

AU - Molotoks, Amy

AU - Henry, Roslyn C

AU - Stehfest, Elke

AU - Doelman, Jonathan

AU - Havlík, Petr

AU - Krisztin, Tamás

AU - Alexander, Peter

AU - Dawson, Terence P.

AU - Smith, Pete

N1 - © 2020 The Authors. Acknowledgements Conservation International, The Alliance for Zero Extinction and the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) are acknowledged for provision of data. Funding statement This work contributes to the Belmont Forum/FACCE-JPI DEVIL project (NE/M021327/1) and the NERC funded Soils-RGGREAT project (NE/P019455/1). AM is supported by a Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) EastBio Studentship (http://www.eastscotbiodtp.ac.uk/) (grant number BB/M010996/1) and the Global Challenges Research Fund Trade, Development and the Environment Hub project (ES/S008160/1). PA and RH are supported by the UK’s Global Food Security Programme project ‘Resilience of the UK food system to Global Shocks’ (RUGS, BB/N020707/1).

PY - 2020/1/27

Y1 - 2020/1/27

N2 - Land-use change is a direct driver of biodiversity and carbon storage loss. Projections of future land-use often include notable expansion of cropland areas in response to changes in climate and food demand, although there are largeuncertainties in results between models and scenarios. This study examines these uncertainties by comparing three different socio-economic scenarios (SSP1-3) across three models (IMAGE, GLOBIOM and PLUMv2). It assesses the impacts on biodiversity metrics and direct carbon loss from biomass and soil as a direct consequence of cropland expansion. Results show substantial variation between models and scenarios, with little overlap across all nine projections. Although SSP1 projects the least impact, there are still significant impacts projected. IMAGE and GLOBIOM project the greatest impact across carbon storage and biodiversity metrics due to both extent and location of cropland expansion. Furthermore, for all the biodiversity and carbon metrics used, there is a greater proportion of variance explained by model used. This demonstrates the importance of improving the accuracy of land-based models. Incorporating effects of land-use change in biodiversity impact assessments would also help better prioritise future protection of biodiverse and carbon-rich areas.

AB - Land-use change is a direct driver of biodiversity and carbon storage loss. Projections of future land-use often include notable expansion of cropland areas in response to changes in climate and food demand, although there are largeuncertainties in results between models and scenarios. This study examines these uncertainties by comparing three different socio-economic scenarios (SSP1-3) across three models (IMAGE, GLOBIOM and PLUMv2). It assesses the impacts on biodiversity metrics and direct carbon loss from biomass and soil as a direct consequence of cropland expansion. Results show substantial variation between models and scenarios, with little overlap across all nine projections. Although SSP1 projects the least impact, there are still significant impacts projected. IMAGE and GLOBIOM project the greatest impact across carbon storage and biodiversity metrics due to both extent and location of cropland expansion. Furthermore, for all the biodiversity and carbon metrics used, there is a greater proportion of variance explained by model used. This demonstrates the importance of improving the accuracy of land-based models. Incorporating effects of land-use change in biodiversity impact assessments would also help better prioritise future protection of biodiverse and carbon-rich areas.

KW - land use change

KW - biodiversity

KW - carbon storage

KW - integrated models

U2 - 10.1098/rstb.2019.0189

DO - 10.1098/rstb.2019.0189

M3 - Article

JO - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

JF - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

SN - 1471-2970

ER -