Comparison between MAST-U conventional and Super-X configurations through SOLPS-ITER modelling

Alexandre Fil, Bruce Lipschultz, David Moulton, A J Thornton, Ben D Dudson, Omkar Myatra, Kevin Verhaegh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


MAST-U has recently started operating with a Super-X divertor, designed to increase total flux expansion and neutral trapping, both predicted through simple analytic models and SOLPS calculations to reduce the plasma and impurity density detachment thresholds. In this study, utilising the SOLPS-ITER code, we are quantifying the possible gain allowed by the MAST-U Super-X and neutral baffling geometry, in terms of access to detachment. We show that a significant reduction of the upstream density detachment threshold (up to a factor 1.6) could be achieved in MAST-U, for the Super-X, as opposed to conventional divertor geometry, mainly through an increased total flux expansion, neutral trapping being found very similar between the different configurations. We also show that variations of the strike-point angle are complex to interpret in such a tightly baffled geometry, and that a case in which the target normal points more towards the separatrix does not necessarily imply a lower detachment threshold. As in previous calculations for TCV, we quantify the role of neutral effects through developing and applying a quantitative definition of neutral trapping.
Original languageEnglish
Article number096026
Number of pages9
JournalNuclear Fusion
Publication statusPublished - 12 Aug 2022

Bibliographical note

© 2022 Crown copyright.

Cite this