Comparison of pre- and post-operative health-related quality of life and length of stay after primary total hip replacement in matched English and German patient cohorts

Matthias Vogl, Reiner Leidl, Werner Plötz, Nils Gutacker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: We compare pre- and post-operative health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and length of stay after total hip replacement (THR) in matched German and English patient cohorts to test for differences in admission thresholds, clinical effectiveness and resource utilisation between the healthcare systems.
Methods: German data (n = 271) were collected in a large orthopaedic hospital in Munich, Germany; English data (n = 26,254) were collected as part of the national patient-reported outcome measures programme. HRQoL was measured using the EuroQoL-5D instrument. Propensity score matching was used to construct two patient cohorts that are comparable in terms of preoperative patient characteristics.
Results: Before matching, patients in England showed lower preoperative EQ-5D scores (0.35 vs 0.52, p < 0.001) and experienced a larger improvement in HRQoL (0.43 vs 0.33, p < 0.001) than German patients. Patients in the German cohort were more likely to report no or only moderate problems with mobility and pain preoperatively than their English counterparts. After matching, improvements in HRQoL were comparable (0.32 vs 0.33, p = 0.638); post-operative scores were slightly higher in the German cohort (0.82 vs 0.85, p = 0.585). Length of stay was substantially lower in England than in Germany (4.5 vs 9.0 days, p < 0.001).
Conclusions: Our results highlight differences in preoperative health status between countries, which may arise due to different admission thresholds and access to surgery. In terms of quality of life, THR surgery is equally effective in both countries when performed on similar patients, but hospital stay is shorter in England.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-520
Number of pages8
JournalQuality of life research
Issue number2
Early online date15 Aug 2014
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015


  • Health-related quality of life
  • EQ-5D
  • Total hip replacement
  • England
  • Germany

Cite this