Composably secure data processing for Gaussian-modulated continuous variable quantum key distribution

Alexander G. Mountogiannakis, Panagiotis Papanastasiou, Boris Braverman, Stefano Pirandola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Continuous-variable (CV) quantum key distribution (QKD) employs the quadratures of a bosonic mode to establish a secret key between two remote parties, and this is usually achieved via a Gaussian modulation of coherent states. The resulting secret key rate depends not only on the loss and noise in the communication channel, but also on a series of data processing steps that are needed for transforming shared correlations into a final string of secret bits. Here we consider a Gaussian-modulated coherent-state protocol with homodyne detection in the general setting of composable finite-size security. After simulating the process of quantum communication, the output classical data is post-processed via procedures of parameter estimation, error correction, and privacy amplification. In particular, we analyze the high signal-to-noise regime which requires the use of high-rate (non-binary) low-density parity check codes. We implement all these steps in a Python-based library that allows one to investigate and optimize the protocol parameters to be used in practical experimental implementations of short-range CV-QKD.
Original languageEnglish
Article number013099
Number of pages19
JournalPhysical Review Research
Publication statusPublished - 9 Feb 2022

Bibliographical note

Accepted version. The code for data-processing is available on github at


  • quant-ph
  • physics.comp-ph

Cite this