A new framework is presented for evaluating the performance of self-consistent field methods in Kohn-Sham density functional theory (DFT). The aims of this work are two-fold. First, we explore the properties of Kohn-Sham DFT as it pertains to the convergence of self-consistent field iterations. Sources of inefficiencies and instabilities are identified, and methods to mitigate these difficulties are discussed. Second, we introduce a framework to assess the relative utility of algorithms in the present context, comprising a representative benchmark suite of over fifty Kohn-Sham simulation inputs, the scf-x n suite. This provides a new tool to develop, evaluate and compare new algorithms in a fair, well-defined and transparent manner.
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- density functional theory
- density mixing
- non-linear optimisation
- numerical analysis
- self-consistent field methods