Concentrations and effects of air pollutants on vegetation in South-East Asia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This report is a synthesis of current knowledge on the deposition of air pollutants to terrestrial ecosystems and their impacts on vegetation in countries in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA), South-East Europe (SEE) and South-East Asia (Malé Declaration countries). Pollutants included are primarily ozone, nitrogen and heavy metals but also persistent organic pollutants (POPs) for EECCA/SEE countries and black carbon (as a component of aerosol) for South-East Asia. One of the current priorities of the Convention on Long-range Transboundairy Air Pollution (LRTAP) is the ratification of its Protocols by EECCA countries, with the aim to reduce air pollution in those countries and in neighbouring countries from long-range transport.
In recent decades, the decline in air pollution in EECCA and SEE countries has generally been lower than the reductions achieved in Northern, Western and Central Europe. Furthermore, the Convention is keen to stimulate outreach activities to regions outside the UNECE area. Hence the focus of this review on the above-mentioned countries.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAir Pollution
Subtitle of host publicationDeposition to and impacts on vegetation in (South-)East Europe, Caucasus, Central Asia (EECCA/SEE) and South-East Asia
EditorsGina Mills, Harry Harmens
Place of PublicationCentre for Ecology and Hydrology, Bangor, UK
PublisherICP Vegetation
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)9781906698485
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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