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Conditional reasoning with false premises facilitates the transition between familiar and abstract reasoning

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Conditional reasoning with false premises facilitates the transition between familiar and abstract reasoning. / Markovits, Henry; Lortie-Forgues, Hugues.

In: Child Development, Vol. 82, No. 2, 18.03.2011, p. 646-60.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Markovits, H & Lortie-Forgues, H 2011, 'Conditional reasoning with false premises facilitates the transition between familiar and abstract reasoning', Child Development, vol. 82, no. 2, pp. 646-60. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01526.x

APA

Markovits, H., & Lortie-Forgues, H. (2011). Conditional reasoning with false premises facilitates the transition between familiar and abstract reasoning. Child Development, 82(2), 646-60. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01526.x

Vancouver

Markovits H, Lortie-Forgues H. Conditional reasoning with false premises facilitates the transition between familiar and abstract reasoning. Child Development. 2011 Mar 18;82(2):646-60. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01526.x

Author

Markovits, Henry ; Lortie-Forgues, Hugues. / Conditional reasoning with false premises facilitates the transition between familiar and abstract reasoning. In: Child Development. 2011 ; Vol. 82, No. 2. pp. 646-60.

Bibtex - Download

@article{e8814bf8de3643f5b5a6c68351581dc4,
title = "Conditional reasoning with false premises facilitates the transition between familiar and abstract reasoning",
abstract = "Abstract reasoning is critical for science and mathematics, but is very difficult. In 3 studies, the hypothesis that alternatives generation required for conditional reasoning with false premises facilitates abstract reasoning is examined. Study 1 (n = 372) found that reasoning with false premises improved abstract reasoning in 12- to 15-year-olds. Study 2 (n = 366) found a positive effect of simply generating alternatives, but only in 19-year-olds. Study 3 (n = 92) found that 9- to 11-year-olds were able to respond logically with false premises, whereas no such ability was observed in 6- to 7-year-olds. Reasoning with false premises was found to improve reasoning with semiabstract premises in the older children. These results support the idea that alternatives generation with false premises facilitates abstract reasoning.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Age Factors, Child, Child Development, Concept Formation, Female, Humans, Logic, Male, Neuropsychological Tests, Problem Solving, Psychology, Child, Semantics, Verbal Learning, Young Adult",
author = "Henry Markovits and Hugues Lortie-Forgues",
note = "{\circledC} 2011 The Authors. Child Development {\circledC} 2011 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.",
year = "2011",
month = "3",
day = "18",
doi = "10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01526.x",
language = "English",
volume = "82",
pages = "646--60",
journal = "Child Development",
issn = "0009-3920",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Conditional reasoning with false premises facilitates the transition between familiar and abstract reasoning

AU - Markovits, Henry

AU - Lortie-Forgues, Hugues

N1 - © 2011 The Authors. Child Development © 2011 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.

PY - 2011/3/18

Y1 - 2011/3/18

N2 - Abstract reasoning is critical for science and mathematics, but is very difficult. In 3 studies, the hypothesis that alternatives generation required for conditional reasoning with false premises facilitates abstract reasoning is examined. Study 1 (n = 372) found that reasoning with false premises improved abstract reasoning in 12- to 15-year-olds. Study 2 (n = 366) found a positive effect of simply generating alternatives, but only in 19-year-olds. Study 3 (n = 92) found that 9- to 11-year-olds were able to respond logically with false premises, whereas no such ability was observed in 6- to 7-year-olds. Reasoning with false premises was found to improve reasoning with semiabstract premises in the older children. These results support the idea that alternatives generation with false premises facilitates abstract reasoning.

AB - Abstract reasoning is critical for science and mathematics, but is very difficult. In 3 studies, the hypothesis that alternatives generation required for conditional reasoning with false premises facilitates abstract reasoning is examined. Study 1 (n = 372) found that reasoning with false premises improved abstract reasoning in 12- to 15-year-olds. Study 2 (n = 366) found a positive effect of simply generating alternatives, but only in 19-year-olds. Study 3 (n = 92) found that 9- to 11-year-olds were able to respond logically with false premises, whereas no such ability was observed in 6- to 7-year-olds. Reasoning with false premises was found to improve reasoning with semiabstract premises in the older children. These results support the idea that alternatives generation with false premises facilitates abstract reasoning.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Age Factors

KW - Child

KW - Child Development

KW - Concept Formation

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Logic

KW - Male

KW - Neuropsychological Tests

KW - Problem Solving

KW - Psychology, Child

KW - Semantics

KW - Verbal Learning

KW - Young Adult

U2 - 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01526.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01526.x

M3 - Article

VL - 82

SP - 646

EP - 660

JO - Child Development

JF - Child Development

SN - 0009-3920

IS - 2

ER -