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From the same journal

Constructing the grave: Competing burial ideals in nineteenth-century England

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Constructing the grave : Competing burial ideals in nineteenth-century England. / Rugg, Julie Joyce.

In: Social History, Vol. 38, No. 3, 08.2013, p. 328-345.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Rugg, JJ 2013, 'Constructing the grave: Competing burial ideals in nineteenth-century England', Social History, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 328-345. https://doi.org/10.1080/03071022.2013.816167

APA

Rugg, J. J. (2013). Constructing the grave: Competing burial ideals in nineteenth-century England. Social History, 38(3), 328-345. https://doi.org/10.1080/03071022.2013.816167

Vancouver

Rugg JJ. Constructing the grave: Competing burial ideals in nineteenth-century England. Social History. 2013 Aug;38(3):328-345. https://doi.org/10.1080/03071022.2013.816167

Author

Rugg, Julie Joyce. / Constructing the grave : Competing burial ideals in nineteenth-century England. In: Social History. 2013 ; Vol. 38, No. 3. pp. 328-345.

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@article{fd4bdb8a329d4336a6971eee3e26a9a2,
title = "Constructing the grave: Competing burial ideals in nineteenth-century England",
abstract = "During the first half of the nineteenth century in England, sanitary reformers applied themselves to the task of defining the ideal grave that would be capable of minimising the supposedly deleterious public health consequences of dangerous miasmas from decomposing remains. Following the lead of Edwin Chadwick, officials at the General Board of Health drew up scientific guidelines for vestries that had established cemeteries under the new Burial Acts. These guidelines required the placing of each grave in a defined plot, and envisaged their re-use: rapid decomposition would be effected by attention to drainage and soil type, and by placing just one body in each grave. This recommendation ran counter to a wider cultural preference for familial burial {\textquoteleft}in perpetuity{\textquoteright}, which had been recognised and encouraged by new cemetery companies. A third type of grave was also in evidence in this period. Under the {\textquoteleft}common grave system{\textquoteright} multiple interments of unrelated individuals took place in exceptionally deep graves, running counter to both scientific and cultural preference. Regulation was largely permissive. Attention to actual grave management practice provokes re-evaluation of the Victorian cemetery. This space was not necessarily defined by scientific theory, and the bodies of the poor were not invariably marginalised. ",
keywords = "burial , grave, cemetery, England, nineteenth-century",
author = "Rugg, {Julie Joyce}",
year = "2013",
month = aug,
doi = "10.1080/03071022.2013.816167",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "328--345",
journal = "Social History",
issn = "0307-1022",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "3",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Constructing the grave

T2 - Competing burial ideals in nineteenth-century England

AU - Rugg, Julie Joyce

PY - 2013/8

Y1 - 2013/8

N2 - During the first half of the nineteenth century in England, sanitary reformers applied themselves to the task of defining the ideal grave that would be capable of minimising the supposedly deleterious public health consequences of dangerous miasmas from decomposing remains. Following the lead of Edwin Chadwick, officials at the General Board of Health drew up scientific guidelines for vestries that had established cemeteries under the new Burial Acts. These guidelines required the placing of each grave in a defined plot, and envisaged their re-use: rapid decomposition would be effected by attention to drainage and soil type, and by placing just one body in each grave. This recommendation ran counter to a wider cultural preference for familial burial ‘in perpetuity’, which had been recognised and encouraged by new cemetery companies. A third type of grave was also in evidence in this period. Under the ‘common grave system’ multiple interments of unrelated individuals took place in exceptionally deep graves, running counter to both scientific and cultural preference. Regulation was largely permissive. Attention to actual grave management practice provokes re-evaluation of the Victorian cemetery. This space was not necessarily defined by scientific theory, and the bodies of the poor were not invariably marginalised.

AB - During the first half of the nineteenth century in England, sanitary reformers applied themselves to the task of defining the ideal grave that would be capable of minimising the supposedly deleterious public health consequences of dangerous miasmas from decomposing remains. Following the lead of Edwin Chadwick, officials at the General Board of Health drew up scientific guidelines for vestries that had established cemeteries under the new Burial Acts. These guidelines required the placing of each grave in a defined plot, and envisaged their re-use: rapid decomposition would be effected by attention to drainage and soil type, and by placing just one body in each grave. This recommendation ran counter to a wider cultural preference for familial burial ‘in perpetuity’, which had been recognised and encouraged by new cemetery companies. A third type of grave was also in evidence in this period. Under the ‘common grave system’ multiple interments of unrelated individuals took place in exceptionally deep graves, running counter to both scientific and cultural preference. Regulation was largely permissive. Attention to actual grave management practice provokes re-evaluation of the Victorian cemetery. This space was not necessarily defined by scientific theory, and the bodies of the poor were not invariably marginalised.

KW - burial

KW - grave

KW - cemetery

KW - England

KW - nineteenth-century

U2 - 10.1080/03071022.2013.816167

DO - 10.1080/03071022.2013.816167

M3 - Article

VL - 38

SP - 328

EP - 345

JO - Social History

JF - Social History

SN - 0307-1022

IS - 3

ER -