Context matters: Combined influence of participation and intellectual stimulation on the promotion focus–employee creativity relationship

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle



Publication details

JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
DateE-pub ahead of print - 31 Aug 2011
DatePublished (current) - Oct 2012
Issue number7
Number of pages16
Pages (from-to)894-909
Early online date31/08/11
Original languageEnglish


In this paper, we examined the interactive effects of two contexts—participation and intellectual stimulation, and promotion focus on creativity. On the basis of a multi-organization sample of 213 employees, we tested and found that although promotion focus was positively related to creativity, the relationship between promotion focus and creativity was most positive when both participation and leader intellectual stimulation were high. We discuss the way contexts in combination influence employee creativity for promotion-oriented individuals, through increasing decision latitude as well as stimulating and promoting creativity.

    Research areas

  • regulatory focus, creativity, participation, leadership

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