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Convergent patterns of long-distance nocturnal migration in noctuid moths and passerine birds

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Convergent patterns of long-distance nocturnal migration in noctuid moths and passerine birds. / Alerstam, Thomas; Chapman, Jason W.; Backman, Johan; Smith, Alan D.; Karlsson, Hakan; Nilsson, Cecilia; Reynolds, Don R.; Klaassen, Raymond H. G.; Hill, Jane K.

In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, Vol. 278, No. 1721, 22.10.2011, p. 3074-3080.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Alerstam, T, Chapman, JW, Backman, J, Smith, AD, Karlsson, H, Nilsson, C, Reynolds, DR, Klaassen, RHG & Hill, JK 2011, 'Convergent patterns of long-distance nocturnal migration in noctuid moths and passerine birds', PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, vol. 278, no. 1721, pp. 3074-3080. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2011.0058

APA

Alerstam, T., Chapman, J. W., Backman, J., Smith, A. D., Karlsson, H., Nilsson, C., Reynolds, D. R., Klaassen, R. H. G., & Hill, J. K. (2011). Convergent patterns of long-distance nocturnal migration in noctuid moths and passerine birds. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 278(1721), 3074-3080. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2011.0058

Vancouver

Alerstam T, Chapman JW, Backman J, Smith AD, Karlsson H, Nilsson C et al. Convergent patterns of long-distance nocturnal migration in noctuid moths and passerine birds. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 2011 Oct 22;278(1721):3074-3080. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2011.0058

Author

Alerstam, Thomas ; Chapman, Jason W. ; Backman, Johan ; Smith, Alan D. ; Karlsson, Hakan ; Nilsson, Cecilia ; Reynolds, Don R. ; Klaassen, Raymond H. G. ; Hill, Jane K. / Convergent patterns of long-distance nocturnal migration in noctuid moths and passerine birds. In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 2011 ; Vol. 278, No. 1721. pp. 3074-3080.

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@article{2de5c64c49d34e6fa03df93bc1be6253,
title = "Convergent patterns of long-distance nocturnal migration in noctuid moths and passerine birds",
abstract = "Vast numbers of insects and passerines achieve long-distance migrations between summer and winter locations by undertaking high-altitude nocturnal flights. Insects such as noctuid moths fly relatively slowly in relation to the surrounding air, with airspeeds approximately one-third of that of passerines. Thus, it has been widely assumed that windborne insect migrants will have comparatively little control over their migration speed and direction compared with migrant birds. We used radar to carry out the first comparative analyses of the flight behaviour and migratory strategies of insects and birds under nearly equivalent natural conditions. Contrary to expectations, noctuid moths attained almost identical ground speeds and travel directions compared with passerines, despite their very different flight powers and sensory capacities. Moths achieved fast travel speeds in seasonally appropriate migration directions by exploiting favourably directed winds and selecting flight altitudes that coincided with the fastest air streams. By contrast, passerines were less selective of wind conditions, relying on self-powered flight in their seasonally preferred direction, often with little or no tailwind assistance. Our results demonstrate that noctuid moths and passerines show contrasting risk-prone and risk-averse migratory strategies in relation to wind. Comparative studies of the flight behaviours of distantly related taxa are critically important for understanding the evolution of animal migration strategies.",
author = "Thomas Alerstam and Chapman, {Jason W.} and Johan Backman and Smith, {Alan D.} and Hakan Karlsson and Cecilia Nilsson and Reynolds, {Don R.} and Klaassen, {Raymond H. G.} and Hill, {Jane K.}",
year = "2011",
month = oct,
day = "22",
doi = "10.1098/rspb.2011.0058",
language = "English",
volume = "278",
pages = "3074--3080",
journal = "PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES",
issn = "0962-8452",
publisher = "The Royal Society",
number = "1721",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Convergent patterns of long-distance nocturnal migration in noctuid moths and passerine birds

AU - Alerstam, Thomas

AU - Chapman, Jason W.

AU - Backman, Johan

AU - Smith, Alan D.

AU - Karlsson, Hakan

AU - Nilsson, Cecilia

AU - Reynolds, Don R.

AU - Klaassen, Raymond H. G.

AU - Hill, Jane K.

PY - 2011/10/22

Y1 - 2011/10/22

N2 - Vast numbers of insects and passerines achieve long-distance migrations between summer and winter locations by undertaking high-altitude nocturnal flights. Insects such as noctuid moths fly relatively slowly in relation to the surrounding air, with airspeeds approximately one-third of that of passerines. Thus, it has been widely assumed that windborne insect migrants will have comparatively little control over their migration speed and direction compared with migrant birds. We used radar to carry out the first comparative analyses of the flight behaviour and migratory strategies of insects and birds under nearly equivalent natural conditions. Contrary to expectations, noctuid moths attained almost identical ground speeds and travel directions compared with passerines, despite their very different flight powers and sensory capacities. Moths achieved fast travel speeds in seasonally appropriate migration directions by exploiting favourably directed winds and selecting flight altitudes that coincided with the fastest air streams. By contrast, passerines were less selective of wind conditions, relying on self-powered flight in their seasonally preferred direction, often with little or no tailwind assistance. Our results demonstrate that noctuid moths and passerines show contrasting risk-prone and risk-averse migratory strategies in relation to wind. Comparative studies of the flight behaviours of distantly related taxa are critically important for understanding the evolution of animal migration strategies.

AB - Vast numbers of insects and passerines achieve long-distance migrations between summer and winter locations by undertaking high-altitude nocturnal flights. Insects such as noctuid moths fly relatively slowly in relation to the surrounding air, with airspeeds approximately one-third of that of passerines. Thus, it has been widely assumed that windborne insect migrants will have comparatively little control over their migration speed and direction compared with migrant birds. We used radar to carry out the first comparative analyses of the flight behaviour and migratory strategies of insects and birds under nearly equivalent natural conditions. Contrary to expectations, noctuid moths attained almost identical ground speeds and travel directions compared with passerines, despite their very different flight powers and sensory capacities. Moths achieved fast travel speeds in seasonally appropriate migration directions by exploiting favourably directed winds and selecting flight altitudes that coincided with the fastest air streams. By contrast, passerines were less selective of wind conditions, relying on self-powered flight in their seasonally preferred direction, often with little or no tailwind assistance. Our results demonstrate that noctuid moths and passerines show contrasting risk-prone and risk-averse migratory strategies in relation to wind. Comparative studies of the flight behaviours of distantly related taxa are critically important for understanding the evolution of animal migration strategies.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80052713217&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1098/rspb.2011.0058

DO - 10.1098/rspb.2011.0058

M3 - Article

VL - 278

SP - 3074

EP - 3080

JO - PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

JF - PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

SN - 0962-8452

IS - 1721

ER -