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Cooperative self-assembly: producing synthetic polymers with precise and concise primary structures

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Cooperative self-assembly : producing synthetic polymers with precise and concise primary structures. / Avestro, Alyssa-Jennifer; Belowich, Matthew E; Stoddart, J Fraser.

In: Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 41, No. 18, 21.09.2012, p. 5881-95.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Avestro, A-J, Belowich, ME & Stoddart, JF 2012, 'Cooperative self-assembly: producing synthetic polymers with precise and concise primary structures', Chemical Society Reviews, vol. 41, no. 18, pp. 5881-95. https://doi.org/10.1039/c2cs35167f

APA

Avestro, A-J., Belowich, M. E., & Stoddart, J. F. (2012). Cooperative self-assembly: producing synthetic polymers with precise and concise primary structures. Chemical Society Reviews, 41(18), 5881-95. https://doi.org/10.1039/c2cs35167f

Vancouver

Avestro A-J, Belowich ME, Stoddart JF. Cooperative self-assembly: producing synthetic polymers with precise and concise primary structures. Chemical Society Reviews. 2012 Sep 21;41(18):5881-95. https://doi.org/10.1039/c2cs35167f

Author

Avestro, Alyssa-Jennifer ; Belowich, Matthew E ; Stoddart, J Fraser. / Cooperative self-assembly : producing synthetic polymers with precise and concise primary structures. In: Chemical Society Reviews. 2012 ; Vol. 41, No. 18. pp. 5881-95.

Bibtex - Download

@article{2ba3c76722f248bfbc271262bffd8723,
title = "Cooperative self-assembly: producing synthetic polymers with precise and concise primary structures",
abstract = "The quest to construct mechanically interlocked polymers, which present precise monodisperse primary structures that are produced both consistently and with high efficiencies, has been a daunting goal for synthetic chemists for many years. Our ability to realise this goal has been limited, until recently, by the need to develop synthetic strategies that can direct the formation of the desired covalent bonds in a precise and concise fashion while avoiding the formation of unwanted kinetic by-products. The challenge, however, is a timely and welcome one, as a consequence of, primarily, the potential for mechanically interlocked polymers to act as dynamic (noncovalent) yet robust (covalent) new materials for a wide array of applications. One such strategy which has been employed widely in recent years to address this issue, known as Dynamic Covalent Chemistry (DCC), is a strategy in which reactions operate under equilibrium and so offer elements of {"}proof-reading{"} and {"}error-checking{"} to the bond forming and breaking processes such that the final product distribution always reflects the thermodynamically most favourable compound. By coupling DCC with template-directed protocols, which utilise multiple weak noncovalent interactions to pre-organise and self-assemble simpler small molecular precursors into their desired geometries prior to covalent bond formation, we are able to produce compounds with highly symmetric, robust and complex topologies that are otherwise simply unobtainable by more traditional methods. Harnessing these strategies in an iterative, step-wise fashion brings us ever so much closer towards perfecting the controlled synthesis of high order main-chain mechanically interlocked polymers. This tutorial review focuses (i) on the development of DCC-namely, the formation of dynamic imine bonds-used in conjunction with template-directed protocols to afford a variety of mechanically interlocked molecules (MIMs) and ultimately (ii) on the synthesis of highly ordered poly[n]rotaxanes with high conversion efficiencies.",
author = "Alyssa-Jennifer Avestro and Belowich, {Matthew E} and Stoddart, {J Fraser}",
year = "2012",
month = sep,
day = "21",
doi = "10.1039/c2cs35167f",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "5881--95",
journal = "Chemical Society Reviews",
issn = "0306-0012",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry",
number = "18",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cooperative self-assembly

T2 - producing synthetic polymers with precise and concise primary structures

AU - Avestro, Alyssa-Jennifer

AU - Belowich, Matthew E

AU - Stoddart, J Fraser

PY - 2012/9/21

Y1 - 2012/9/21

N2 - The quest to construct mechanically interlocked polymers, which present precise monodisperse primary structures that are produced both consistently and with high efficiencies, has been a daunting goal for synthetic chemists for many years. Our ability to realise this goal has been limited, until recently, by the need to develop synthetic strategies that can direct the formation of the desired covalent bonds in a precise and concise fashion while avoiding the formation of unwanted kinetic by-products. The challenge, however, is a timely and welcome one, as a consequence of, primarily, the potential for mechanically interlocked polymers to act as dynamic (noncovalent) yet robust (covalent) new materials for a wide array of applications. One such strategy which has been employed widely in recent years to address this issue, known as Dynamic Covalent Chemistry (DCC), is a strategy in which reactions operate under equilibrium and so offer elements of "proof-reading" and "error-checking" to the bond forming and breaking processes such that the final product distribution always reflects the thermodynamically most favourable compound. By coupling DCC with template-directed protocols, which utilise multiple weak noncovalent interactions to pre-organise and self-assemble simpler small molecular precursors into their desired geometries prior to covalent bond formation, we are able to produce compounds with highly symmetric, robust and complex topologies that are otherwise simply unobtainable by more traditional methods. Harnessing these strategies in an iterative, step-wise fashion brings us ever so much closer towards perfecting the controlled synthesis of high order main-chain mechanically interlocked polymers. This tutorial review focuses (i) on the development of DCC-namely, the formation of dynamic imine bonds-used in conjunction with template-directed protocols to afford a variety of mechanically interlocked molecules (MIMs) and ultimately (ii) on the synthesis of highly ordered poly[n]rotaxanes with high conversion efficiencies.

AB - The quest to construct mechanically interlocked polymers, which present precise monodisperse primary structures that are produced both consistently and with high efficiencies, has been a daunting goal for synthetic chemists for many years. Our ability to realise this goal has been limited, until recently, by the need to develop synthetic strategies that can direct the formation of the desired covalent bonds in a precise and concise fashion while avoiding the formation of unwanted kinetic by-products. The challenge, however, is a timely and welcome one, as a consequence of, primarily, the potential for mechanically interlocked polymers to act as dynamic (noncovalent) yet robust (covalent) new materials for a wide array of applications. One such strategy which has been employed widely in recent years to address this issue, known as Dynamic Covalent Chemistry (DCC), is a strategy in which reactions operate under equilibrium and so offer elements of "proof-reading" and "error-checking" to the bond forming and breaking processes such that the final product distribution always reflects the thermodynamically most favourable compound. By coupling DCC with template-directed protocols, which utilise multiple weak noncovalent interactions to pre-organise and self-assemble simpler small molecular precursors into their desired geometries prior to covalent bond formation, we are able to produce compounds with highly symmetric, robust and complex topologies that are otherwise simply unobtainable by more traditional methods. Harnessing these strategies in an iterative, step-wise fashion brings us ever so much closer towards perfecting the controlled synthesis of high order main-chain mechanically interlocked polymers. This tutorial review focuses (i) on the development of DCC-namely, the formation of dynamic imine bonds-used in conjunction with template-directed protocols to afford a variety of mechanically interlocked molecules (MIMs) and ultimately (ii) on the synthesis of highly ordered poly[n]rotaxanes with high conversion efficiencies.

U2 - 10.1039/c2cs35167f

DO - 10.1039/c2cs35167f

M3 - Article

C2 - 22773163

VL - 41

SP - 5881

EP - 5895

JO - Chemical Society Reviews

JF - Chemical Society Reviews

SN - 0306-0012

IS - 18

ER -