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Coordination Chemistry of Lipoic Acid and Related Compounds, Part 1 Syntheses and Crystal Structures of the UV- and Light-Sensitive Lipoato Complexes [M(lip)2(H2O)2] (M = Zn, Cd)

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Publication details

JournalZeitschrift fur Naturforschung. Section B: A Journal of Chemical Sciences
DatePublished - 1 Jan 1997
Issue number1
Number of pages8
Pages (from-to)17-24
Original languageEnglish


The rac-lipoato (lip-) complexes [Zn(lip)2(H2O)2] (1) and [Cd(lip)2(H2O)2] (2) were obtained in good yields from solutions of sodium lipoate and the respective metal nitrate in methanol/water. 1 and 2 form pale yellow, moderately light-sensitive crystals. Both compounds were structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. 1: C2/c, a = 39.958(6), b = 5.360(1), c = 10.794(1) Å, β = 95.76(1)°, Z = 4, wR2 = 0.150 (all data). 2: C2/c, a = 38.200(2), b = 5.472(1), c = 11.179(1) Å, β = 92.72(1)°, Z = 4, wR2 = 0.090 (all data). The metal ions are hexacoordinated by the oxygen atoms of two chelating carboxylate ligands and two aqua ligands. The crystal structures are very similar but not isotypic. They are layer structures, in which the complexes within a layer are interconnected by a network of hydrogen bonds. Adjacent layers have contacts via the 1,2-dithiolanyl rings of their lipoato ligands. Crystals of 1 and 2 decompose on exposure to visible light or ultraviolet radiation in the 280-390 nm range. Photopolymerization by formation of intermolecular S-S bonds is very probably involved. Furthermore, the infrared spectra reveal the transformation of COO- into COOH groups.

    Research areas

  • Cadmium(II) Complex, Carboxylate Coordination, Lipoic Acid, X-Ray, Zinc(II) Complex

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