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Cost-minimisation analysis alongside a pilot study of early Tissue Doppler Evaluation of Diastolic Dysfunction in Emergency Department Non-ST Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes (TEDDy-NSTEACS)

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  • Vijay S Gc
  • Mohamad Alshurafa
  • David J Sturgess
  • Joseph Ting
  • Kye Gregory
  • Ana Sofia Oliveira Gonçalves
  • Jennifer A Whitty


Publication details

JournalBMJ Open
DateAccepted/In press - 17 Apr 2019
DatePublished (current) - 30 May 2019
Issue number5
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)1-9
Original languageEnglish


Objective To estimate the cost implications of early angiography for patients with suspected non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS) using tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). Design A decision tree model was used to synthesise data from the pilot study and literature sources. Sensitivity analyses tested the impact of assumptions incorporated into the analysis. Setting Emergency department (ED), Brisbane, Australia. Participants Patients with suspected NSTEACS. Interventions TDI as a diagnostic tool for triaging patients within 4 hours of presentation in addition to conventional risk stratification, compared with conventional risk stratification alone. Data sources Resource used for diagnosis and management were recorded prospectively and costed for 51 adults who had echocardiography within 24 hours of admission. Costs for conventional care were based on observed data. Cost estimates for the TDI intervention assumed patients classified as high risk at TDI (E/e’>14) progressed early to angiography with an associated 1-day reduction in length of stay. Primary outcome measures Costs until discharge from the Australian healthcare perspective in 2016–2017 prices. Results Findings suggest that using TDI as a diagnostic tool for triaging patients with suspected NSTEACS is likely to be cost saving by $A1090 (95% credible interval: $A573 to $A1703) per patient compared with conventional care. The results are mainly driven by the assumed reduction in length of stay due to the inclusion of early TDI in clinical decision-making. Conclusions This pilot study indicates that compared with conventional risk stratification, triaging patients presenting with suspected NSTEACS with TDI within 4 hours of ED presentation has potential cost savings. Findings assume a reduction in hospital stay is achieved for patients considered to be high risk at TDI. Larger, comparative studies with longer follow-up are needed to confirm the clinical effectiveness of TDI as a diagnostic strategy for NSTEACS, the assumed reduction in hospital stay and any cost saving.

Bibliographical note

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

    Research areas

  • Acute coronary syndrome, Tissue Doppler Imaging, Economic evaluation, Cost-minimisation

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