Costs of conventional radical radiotherapy versus continuous hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy (CHART) in the treatment of patients with head and neck cancer or carcinoma of the bronchus: Medical Research Council CHART Steering Committee

D. Coyle, M. F. Drummond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The objective of this study was to compare the costs of treatment with continuous hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy (CHART) and those of conventional radiotherapy for patients with (1) head and neck cancer and (2) carcinoma of the bronchus. The study was conducted concurrently with two multicentre randomized controlled trials. Data were collected on the use of hospital and community service resources and patients' travel for treatment. Data on resource use up to 3 months after entry to the study were available for 526 head and neck patients (314 receiving CHART and 212 conventional therapy) and 284 bronchus patients (175 CHART and 109 conventional therapy). For patients with head and neck cancer, CHART cost Pounds 1092 (P <0.001; 95% CI 763-1421) more than conventional therapy. For patients with carcinoma of the bronchus, CHART was also more costly, with a cost differential of Pounds 698 (P <0.001; 95% CI 392-1003). The magnitude of the cost differentials could be reduced if the working hours of radiotherapy departments were rearranged and all hospitals had access to hostel facilities. The results of this cost analysis will help to facilitate a decision about whether the benefits of CHART, as determined by the clinical trials, are worth the additional costs of hospital-based resource use. The collection of detailed patient-specific resource-use data from a number of centres allows the determination of ways for reducing the cost differential between therapies and making CHART a more cost effective treatment alternative.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)313-21
Number of pages9
JournalClinical oncology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1997

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