By the same authors

Creative non-compliance: Complying with the “spirit of the law” not the “letter of the law” under the Covid-19 lockdown restrictions

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Publication details

JournalDeviant Behavior
DateSubmitted - 14 Jul 2021
DateAccepted/In press - 29 Nov 2021
DatePublished (current) - 13 Dec 2021
Number of pages19
Original languageEnglish


This paper identifies a form of non-compliance with COVID-19 lockdown restrictions in the UK: “creative non-compliance”. Here, individuals justify breaking restrictions as meeting the “spirit of the law” if not the “letter of the law”. Drawing on interview and focus group data collected between April and August 2020 in the UK, we outline this concept of “creative non-compliance”, detailing how: (i) our participants undertook a purposive construction of rules, (ii) balanced their behaviour against these aims, and (iii) how Government messaging informed these rationalizations. We conclude by outlining the implications of our “creative non-compliance” theory both for studies of compliance and rationalizations for deviant behaviour under the COVID-19 restrictions.

Bibliographical note

© 2021 The Author(s)

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