Crystal structure of Citrobacter freundii Asp214Ala Tyrosine phenol-lyase reveals that Asp214 is critical for maintaining a strain in the internal aldimine

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Published copy (DOI)


  • Dalibor Milić
  • Tatyana V. Demidkina
  • Lyudmila N. Zakomirdina
  • Dubravka Matković-Čalogović
  • Alfred A. Antson


Publication details

JournalCroatica chemica acta
DatePublished - 2012
Issue number3
Number of pages6
Pages (from-to)283-288
Original languageEnglish


Tyrosine phenol-lyase (TPL) is a pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP) dependent enzyme which catalyzes β-elimination of L-tyrosine. In the holoenzyme the protonated pyridinium N1 atom of the PLP cofactor is hydrogen-bonded to the side chain of Asp214. Here we report the X-ray structure of C. freundii D214A TPL determined at 1.9 Å resolution. Comparison with the structure of the wild-type TPL shows that the D214A replacement induced significant conformational reorganization in the active site leading to its partial closure. Significantly, in D214A TPL the strain in the internal aldimine is completely released and the pyridine N1 atom of PLP is deprotonated. These observations explain the considerably reduced activity of the D214A TPL towards its substrates [T. V. Demidkina et al., Biochim. Biophys. Acta, Proteins Proteomics 1764 (2006) 1268-1276]. The reported structure reveals that Asp214 is critical for maintaining the strain in the internal aldimine. We argue that this strain is used by the enzyme to accelerate the transaldimination reaction, the first step in the enzymatic catalysis.

    Research areas

  • Chemical strain, Internal aldimine, Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, Tyrosine phenol-lyase, X-ray structure

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