A new strategy for the synthesis of mesoporous TiO2@C nanocomposites through the direct mineralization of seaweed-derived alginic acid cryogel by TiCl4 through a solid/vapor reaction pathway is presented. In this synthesis, alginic acid cryogel can have multiple roles; i) mesoporous template, ii) carbon source, and iii) oxygen source for the TiO2 precursor, TiCl4. The resulting TiO2@alginic acid composite was transformed either into pure mesoporous TiO2 by calcination or into mesoporous TiO2@C nanocomposites by pyrolysis. By comparing with a nonporous TiO2@C composite, the importance of the mesopores on the performance of electrodes for lithium-ion batteries based on mesoporous TiO2@C composite was clearly evidenced. In addition, the carbon matrix in the mesoporous TiO2@C nanocomposite also showed electrochemical activity versus lithium ions, providing twice the capacity of pure mesoporous TiO2 or alginic acid-derived mesoporous carbon (A600). Given the simplicity and environmental friendliness of the process, the mesoporous TiO2@C nanocomposite could satisfy the main prerequisites of green and sustainable chemistry while showing improved electrochemical performance as a negative electrode for lithium-ion batteries.
Bibliographical note© 2019 Wiley‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.
- alginic acid
- lithium-ion battery