Dehydration of Alginic Acid Cryogel by TiCl4 vapor: Direct Access to Mesoporous TiO2@C Nanocomposites and Their Performance in Lithium-Ion Batteries

Sanghoon Kim, Mario De Bruyn, Johan G. Alauzun, Nicolas Louvain, Nicolas Brun, Duncan J. Macquarrie, Lorenzo Stievano, P. Hubert Mutin, Laure Monconduit*, Bruno Boury

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A new strategy for the synthesis of mesoporous TiO2@C nanocomposites through the direct mineralization of seaweed-derived alginic acid cryogel by TiCl4 through a solid/vapor reaction pathway is presented. In this synthesis, alginic acid cryogel can have multiple roles; i) mesoporous template, ii) carbon source, and iii) oxygen source for the TiO2 precursor, TiCl4. The resulting TiO2@alginic acid composite was transformed either into pure mesoporous TiO2 by calcination or into mesoporous TiO2@C nanocomposites by pyrolysis. By comparing with a nonporous TiO2@C composite, the importance of the mesopores on the performance of electrodes for lithium-ion batteries based on mesoporous TiO2@C composite was clearly evidenced. In addition, the carbon matrix in the mesoporous TiO2@C nanocomposite also showed electrochemical activity versus lithium ions, providing twice the capacity of pure mesoporous TiO2 or alginic acid-derived mesoporous carbon (A600). Given the simplicity and environmental friendliness of the process, the mesoporous TiO2@C nanocomposite could satisfy the main prerequisites of green and sustainable chemistry while showing improved electrochemical performance as a negative electrode for lithium-ion batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2660-2670
Number of pages11
Issue number12
Early online date6 Jun 2019
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jun 2019

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© 2019 Wiley‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.


  • alginic acid
  • cryogel
  • lithium-ion battery
  • mesoporous
  • TiO

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