Delaminated CoAl-Layered Double Hydroxide at TiO2 Heterojunction Nanocomposites for Photocatalytic Reduction of CO2

Santosh Kumar, Lee J. Durndell, Jinesh C. Manayil, Mark A. Isaacs, Christopher M.A. Parlett, Sekar Karthikeyan, Richard E. Douthwaite, Ben Coulson, Karen Wilson, Adam F. Lee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Photocatalytic reduction offers an attractive route for CO2 utilization as a chemical feedstock for solar fuels production but remains challenging due to the poor efficiency, instability, and/or toxicity of current catalyst systems. Delaminated CoAl-layered double hydroxide nanosheets (LDH-DS) combined with TiO2 nanotubes (NTs) or nanoparticles (NPs) are promising nanocomposite photocatalysts for CO2 reduction. Heterojunction formation between visible light absorbing delaminated CoAl nanosheets and UV light absorbing TiO2 nanotubes greatly enhances interfacial contact between both high aspect ratio components relative to their bulk counterparts. The resulting synergic interaction confers a significant improvement in photoinduced charge carrier separation, and concomitant aqueous phase CO2 photocatalytic reduction, in the absence of a sacrificial hole acceptor. CO productivity for a 3 wt% LDH-DS at TiO2-NT nanocomposite of 4.57 μmol gcat -1 h-1 exhibits a tenfold and fivefold increase over that obtained for individual TiO2 NT and delaminated CoAl-LDH components respectively and is double that obtained for 3 wt% bulk-LDH at TiO2-NT and 3 wt% LDH-DS at TiO2-NP catalysts. Synthesis of delaminated LDH and metal oxide nanocomposites represents a cost-effective strategy for aqueous phase CO2 reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1700317
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages12
JournalParticle & particle systems characterization
Early online date22 Nov 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Nov 2017

Bibliographical note

© 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details


  • CO
  • Layered double hydroxides
  • Nanocomposites
  • Photocatalysis
  • Titania

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