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Dendritic Cells Matured by Inflammation Induce CD86-Dependent Priming of Naive CD8(+) T Cells in the Absence of Their Cognate Peptide Antigen

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JournalJournal of Immunology
DatePublished - 1 Dec 2009
Issue number11
Volume183
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)7095-7103
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DC) licensed by the interaction between pathogen products and pattern recognition receptors can activate naive T cells to undergo Ag-dependent proliferation and cytokine production. In contrast, DC induced to mature by trans-acting inflammatory stimuli are believed to only be capable of supporting Ag-dependent proliferative responses. In this study, we show that uninfected DC matured as a consequence of Leishmania-induced inflammation induce CD8(+) T cells to proliferate in the absence of their cognate Ag. We separated splenic DC from Leishmania donovani-infected mice into those that contained parasites and had been activated to induce IL-12p40, from those that had undergone only partial maturation, measured by increased CD86 expression in the absence of IL-12p40 induction. We then showed that these partially matured DC could induce exogenous peptide-independent proliferation of OT-I and F5 CD8(+) TCR transgenic T cells, as well as polyclonal CD8(+) T cells. Proliferation of OT-I cells was significantly inhibited in vitro and in vivo by anti-CD86 mAb but not by anti-CD80 mAb and could also be inhibited by cyclosporine A. Proliferating OT-I cells did not produce IFN-gamma, even when re-exposed to mature DC. However, these primed OT-I cells subsequently produced effector cytokines, not Just on exposure to their cognate peptide but, more importantly, to weak exogenous TCR agonists that otherwise failed to induce IFN-gamma. We further showed that OT-I cells undergoing locally driven proliferation to another pathogen, Streptococcus pneumoniae, rapidly seeded other lymphoid tissues, suggesting that CD8(+) T cells primed in this way may play a role in rapidly countering pathogen dissemination. 

    Research areas

  • LEISHMANIA-DONOVANI INFECTION, INNATE IMMUNE-SYSTEM, BYSTANDER ACTIVATION, ADAPTIVE IMMUNITY, CUTTING EDGE, LYMPHOCYTES, MATURATION, EXPANSION, MODEL, SELF

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