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Detecting and characterising small changes in urban nitrogen dioxide concentrations

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JournalAtmospheric Environment
DatePublished - Jul 2007
Issue number22
Volume41
Number of pages11
Pages (from-to)4723-4733
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Detecting and quantifying abnormal changes in the concentration of urban air pollutants can be difficult due to the influence of meteorology and atmospheric chemistry. This study presents methods to detect and characterise small changes in the concentration of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) that deviate from expected behaviour. Generalized additive models (GAMs) are used to describe daily mean NO2 concentrations at roadside monitoring sites to determine how concentrations deviate from measured concentrations. Structural change methods are applied to time series describing this difference to identify change-points, where concentrations of NO2 deviate significantly from expected behaviour. Methods are also used which quantify the timing and uncertainty associated in the timing of these change-points. For most time series data considered in London, concentrations of NO2 underwent relatively abrupt changes rather than smoothly varying increases; changes which remain largely undetected in raw time series data. Most change-points occurred in late 2002 or early 2003, and the factors, which may have contributed to them, are discussed. These methods can also identify technical problems with monitoring equipment and are applicable to other instances where detecting sudden atmospheric composition change is important. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Cited By :20

Export Date: 19 July 2016

    Research areas

  • Change-point, Meteorological normalisation, Primary nitrogen dioxide, Structural change, Trend

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