Detection of Nav1.5 conformational change in mammalian cells using the non-canonical amino acid ANAP

Mia Ann Shandell, Jose R. Quejada, Masayuki Yazawa, Virginia W. Cornish, Robert S. Kass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Nav1.5 inactivation is necessary for healthy conduction of the cardiac action potential. Genetic mutations of Nav1.5 perturb inactivation and cause potentially fatal arrhythmias associated with long QT syndrome type 3. The exact structural dynamics of the inactivation complex is unknown. To sense inactivation gate conformational change in live mammalian cells, we incorporated the solvatochromic fluorescent non-canonical amino acid ANAP into single sites in the Nav1.5 inactivation gate. ANAP was incorporated in full-length and C-terminally truncated Nav1.5 channels using mammalian cell synthetase-tRNA technology. ANAP-incorporated channels were expressed in mammalian cells and they exhibited pathophysiological function. A spectral imaging potassium-depolarization assay was designed to detect ANAP emission shifts associated with Nav1.5 conformational change. Site-specific intracellular ANAP incorporation affords live-cell imaging and detection of Nav1.5 inactivation gate conformational change in mammalian cells.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalBiophysical Journal
Publication statusPublished - 29 Aug 2019

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