Determination of the degree of dissociation in an inductively coupled hydrogen plasma using optical emission spectroscopy and laser diagnostics

M. Abdel-Rahman, V. Schulz-von der Gathen, T. Gans, K. Niemi, H. F. Doebele

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The knowledge of absolute concentrations of radicals in molecular discharges, such as the density of atomic hydrogen in H-2 plasmas, is crucial for understanding processes at the surface and is, therefore, of great interest in a variety of plasma applications. Reliable spectroscopic methods are indispensable for the determination of the degree of dissociation in processing plasmas. In this paper, we describe a novel optical emission spectroscopy method called two-gas actinometry (TGA). It is based on using a second actinometer gas to take into account dissociative excitation, which is of particular importance at comparatively low degrees of dissociation. TGA is employed for measuring the characteristic dependence of the degree of dissociation, in a wide range of plasma parameters, in an inductively coupled radio-frequency hydrogen plasma. Absolute densities with high accuracy are obtained using two-photon absorption laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)620-626
Number of pages7
JournalPlasma sources science & technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006

Cite this