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Development and piloting of a software tool to facilitate proactive hazard and risk analysis of Health Information Technology

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Publication details

JournalHealth informatics journal
DatePublished - 5 Jun 2019
Number of pages20
Original languageEnglish


Health Information Technology is now widely promoted as a means for improving patient safety. The technology could also, under certain conditions, pose hazards to patient safety. However, current definitions of hazards are generic and hard to interpret, particularly for large Health Information Technology in complex socio-technical settings, that is, involving interacting clinical, organisational and technological factors. In this article, we develop a new conceptualisation for the notion of hazards and implement this conceptualisation in a tool-supported methodology called the Safety Modelling, Assurance and Reporting Toolset (SMART). Safety Modelling, Assurance and Reporting Toolset aims to support clinicians and engineers in performing hazard identification and risk analysis and producing a safety case for Health Information Technology. Through a pilot study, we used and examined Safety Modelling, Assurance and Reporting Toolset for developing a safety case for electronic prescribing in three acute hospitals. Our results demonstrate the ability of Safety Modelling, Assurance and Reporting Toolset to ensure that the safety evidence is generated based on explicit traceability between the clinical models and Health Information Technology functionality. They also highlight challenges concerning identifying hazards in a consistent way, with clear impact on patient safety in order to facilitate clinically meaningful risk analysis.

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© The Author(s) 2019. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.

    Research areas

  • electronic prescribing, hazards, HEALTH INFORMATION, PATIENT SAFETY, RISKS

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