Developmental endothelial locus-1 protects from hypertension-induced cardiovascular remodeling via immunomodulation

Theresa Failer, Michael Amponsah-Offeh, Aleš Neuwirth, Ioannis Kourtzelis, Pallavi Subramanian, Peter Mirtschink, Mirko Peitzsch, Klaus Matschke, Sems M Tugtekin, Tetsuhiro Kajikawa, Xiaofei Li, Anne Steglich, Florian Gembardt, Annika C Wegner, Christian Hugo, George Hajishengallis, Triantafyllos Chavakis, Andreas Deussen, Vladimir Todorov, Irakli Kopaliani

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The causative role of inflammation in hypertension-related cardiovascular diseases is evident and calls for development of specific immunomodulatory therapies. We tested the therapeutic efficacy and mechanisms of action of developmental endothelial locus-1 (DEL-1), an endogenous anti-inflammatory factor, in angiotensin-II (ANGII)- and DOCA (deoxycorticosterone acetate)-salt-induced cardiovascular organ damage and hypertension. By using mice with endothelial overexpression of DEL-1 (EC-Del1) and performing preventive and interventional studies by injecting recombinant DEL-1 in mice, we showed that DEL-1 improved endothelial function and abrogated aortic adventitial fibrosis, medial thickening and loss of elastin. DEL-1 also protected the mice from cardiac concentric hypertrophy, interstitial and perivascular coronary fibrosis and improved left-ventricular function and myocardial coronary perfusion. DEL-1 prevented aortic stiffness and abolished the progression of hypertension. Mechanistically, DEL-1 acted by inhibiting αvβ3-integrin dependent activation of pro-MMP2 in mice and in human isolated aorta. Moreover, DEL-1 stabilized αvβ3-integrin dependent CD25+FoxP3+ Treg numbers and IL-10 levels, which were associated with decreased pro-inflammatory cell recruitment of inflammatory cells and reduced production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in cardiovascular organs. The demonstrated effects and immune-modulating mechanisms of DEL-1 in abrogation of cardiovascular remodeling and progression of hypertension identify DEL-1 as a potential therapeutic factor.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere126155
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Issue number6
Early online date8 Feb 2022
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2022

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©2022, The Author(s).

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