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Diffusion across a gel-gel interface-molecular-scale mobility of self-assembled 'solid-like' gel nanofibres in multi-component supramolecular organogels

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JournalChemical Science
DateSubmitted - 6 Mar 2018
DateAccepted/In press - 16 May 2018
DateE-pub ahead of print - 30 May 2018
DatePublished (current) - 7 Jul 2018
Issue number25
Volume9
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)5541-5550
Early online date30/05/18
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

This paper explores macroscopic-scale diffusion of the molecular-scale building blocks of two-component self-assembled organogel nanofibres using a diffusion cell in which two different gels are in contact with one another. Both components of the 'solid-like' nanofibres (lysine peptide dendron acids and amines) can diffuse through these gels and across a gel-gel interface, although diffusion is significantly slower than that of a non-interactive additive in the 'liquid-like' phase of the gel. Amine diffusion was probed by bringing similar gels with different amines into contact. Dendron acid diffusion was tested by bringing similar gels with enantiomeric dendrons into contact. Surprisingly, dendron and amine diffusion rates were similar, even though the peptide dendron is more intimately hydrogen bonded in the self-assembled nanofibres. It is proposed that thermal disassembly of the acid-amine complex delivers both components into the liquid-like phase, allowing them to diffuse via a decomplexation/recomplexation mechanism. This is a rare observation in which molecules assembled into solid-like gel nanofibres are mobile-in dynamic equilibrium with the liquid-like phase. Gel nanofibre diffusion and reorganisation are vital in understanding dynamic materials processes such as metastability, self-healing and adaptability.

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© The Royal Society of Chemistry, 2018.

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