Dirichlet is not just bad and singular

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It is well known that in dimension one the set of Dirichlet improvable real numbers consists precisely of badly approximable and singular numbers. We show that in higher dimensions this is not the case by proving that there exist continuum many Dirichlet improvable vectors that are neither badly approximable nor singular. This is a consequence of a stronger statement that involves very well approximable points. In the last section we formulate the notion of intermediate Dirichlet improvable sets concerning approximations by rational planes of every intermediate dimension and show that they coincide. This naturally extends a classical theorem of Davenport & Schmidt (1969) which states that the simultaneous form of Dirichlet’s theorem is improvable if and only if the dual form is improvable. Consequently, our main “continuum” result is equally valid for the corresponding intermediate Diophantine sets of badly approximable, singular and Dirichlet improvable points.
Original languageEnglish
Article number108316
Number of pages57
JournalAdvances in Mathematics
Early online date17 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jun 2022

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