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Distinct monocyte subset phenotypes in patients with different clinical forms of chronic Chagas disease and seronegative dilated cardiomyopathy

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  • Damián E Pérez-Mazliah
  • Melisa D Castro Eiro
  • María Gabriela Álvarez
  • Bruno Lococo
  • Graciela Bertocchi
  • Gonzalo César
  • María A Natale
  • María C Albareda
  • Rodolfo Viotti
  • Susana A Laucella


Publication details

DateAccepted/In press - 1 Oct 2018
DatePublished (current) - Oct 2018
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)e0006887
Original languageEnglish


BACKGROUND: Chronic infection with Trypanosoma cruzi leads to a constant stimulation of the host immune system. Monocytes, which are recruited in response to inflammatory signals, are divided into classical CD14hiCD16-, non-classical CD14loCD16+ and intermediate CD14hiCD16+ subsets. In this study, we evaluated the frequencies of monocyte subsets in the different clinical stages of chronic Chagas disease in comparison with the monocyte profile of seronegative heart failure subjects and seronegative healthy controls. The effect of the anti-parasite drug therapy benznidazole on monocyte subsets was also explored.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The frequencies of the different monocyte subsets and their phenotypes were measured by flow cytometry. Trypanosoma cruzi-specific antibodies were quantified by conventional serological tests. T. cruzi-infected subjects with mild or no signs of cardiac disease and patients suffering from dilated cardiomyopathy unrelated to T. cruzi infection showed increased levels of non-classical CD14loCD16+ monocytes compared with healthy controls. In contrast, the monocyte profile in T. cruzi-infected subjects with severe cardiomyopathy was skewed towards the classical and intermediate subsets. After benznidazole treatment, non-classical monocytes CD14loCD16+ decreased while classical monocytes CD14hiCD16-increased.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The different clinical stages of chronic Chagas disease display distinct monocyte profiles that are restored after anti-parasite drug therapy. T. cruzi-infected subjects with severe cardiac disease displayed a profile of monocytes subsets suggestive of a more pronounced inflammatory environment compared with subjects suffering from heart failure not related to T. cruzi infection, supporting that parasite persistence might also alter cell components of the innate immune system.

Bibliographical note

© 2018 Pe´rez-Mazliah et al.

    Research areas

  • Adult, Aged, Antibodies, Protozoan/blood, Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/pathology, Chagas Disease/pathology, Female, Flow Cytometry, GPI-Linked Proteins/analysis, Humans, Immunophenotyping, Lipopolysaccharide Receptors/analysis, Male, Middle Aged, Monocytes/classification, Phenotype, Receptors, IgG/analysis, Trypanosoma cruzi/immunology, Young Adult

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