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Diverse modes of binding in structures of Leishmania major N-myristoyltransferase with selective inhibitors

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Diverse modes of binding in structures of Leishmania major N-myristoyltransferase with selective inhibitors. / Brannigan, James A; Roberts, Shirley M; Bell, Andrew S; Hutton, Jennie A; Hodgkinson, Michael R; Tate, Edward W; Leatherbarrow, Robin J; Smith, Deborah F; Wilkinson, Anthony J.

In: IUCrJ, Vol. 1, No. 4, 07.2014, p. 250-260.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Brannigan, JA, Roberts, SM, Bell, AS, Hutton, JA, Hodgkinson, MR, Tate, EW, Leatherbarrow, RJ, Smith, DF & Wilkinson, AJ 2014, 'Diverse modes of binding in structures of Leishmania major N-myristoyltransferase with selective inhibitors', IUCrJ, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 250-260. https://doi.org/10.1107/S2052252514013001

APA

Brannigan, J. A., Roberts, S. M., Bell, A. S., Hutton, J. A., Hodgkinson, M. R., Tate, E. W., ... Wilkinson, A. J. (2014). Diverse modes of binding in structures of Leishmania major N-myristoyltransferase with selective inhibitors. IUCrJ, 1(4), 250-260. https://doi.org/10.1107/S2052252514013001

Vancouver

Brannigan JA, Roberts SM, Bell AS, Hutton JA, Hodgkinson MR, Tate EW et al. Diverse modes of binding in structures of Leishmania major N-myristoyltransferase with selective inhibitors. IUCrJ. 2014 Jul;1(4):250-260. https://doi.org/10.1107/S2052252514013001

Author

Brannigan, James A ; Roberts, Shirley M ; Bell, Andrew S ; Hutton, Jennie A ; Hodgkinson, Michael R ; Tate, Edward W ; Leatherbarrow, Robin J ; Smith, Deborah F ; Wilkinson, Anthony J. / Diverse modes of binding in structures of Leishmania major N-myristoyltransferase with selective inhibitors. In: IUCrJ. 2014 ; Vol. 1, No. 4. pp. 250-260.

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@article{732c9e145edc4bbe82afc01982396415,
title = "Diverse modes of binding in structures of Leishmania major N-myristoyltransferase with selective inhibitors",
abstract = "The leishmaniases are a spectrum of global diseases of poverty associated with immune dysfunction and are the cause of high morbidity. Despite the long history of these diseases, no effective vaccine is available and the currently used drugs are variously compromised by moderate efficacy, complex side effects and the emergence of resistance. It is therefore widely accepted that new therapies are needed. N-Myristoyltransferase (NMT) has been validated pre-clinically as a target for the treatment of fungal and parasitic infections. In a previously reported high-throughput screening program, a number of hit compounds with activity against NMT from Leishmania donovani have been identified. Here, high-resolution crystal structures of representative compounds from four hit series in ternary complexes with myristoyl-CoA and NMT from the closely related L. major are reported. The structures reveal that the inhibitors associate with the peptide-binding groove at a site adjacent to the bound myristoyl-CoA and the catalytic α-carboxylate of Leu421. Each inhibitor makes extensive apolar contacts as well as a small number of polar contacts with the protein. Remarkably, the compounds exploit different features of the peptide-binding groove and collectively occupy a substantial volume of this pocket, suggesting that there is potential for the design of chimaeric inhibitors with significantly enhanced binding. Despite the high conservation of the active sites of the parasite and human NMTs, the inhibitors act selectively over the host enzyme. The role of conformational flexibility in the side chain of Tyr217 in conferring selectivity is discussed.",
author = "Brannigan, {James A} and Roberts, {Shirley M} and Bell, {Andrew S} and Hutton, {Jennie A} and Hodgkinson, {Michael R} and Tate, {Edward W} and Leatherbarrow, {Robin J} and Smith, {Deborah F} and Wilkinson, {Anthony J}",
note = "This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) Licence, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original authors and source are cited.",
year = "2014",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1107/S2052252514013001",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
pages = "250--260",
journal = "IUCrJ",
issn = "2052-2525",
publisher = "International Union of Crystallography",
number = "4",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Diverse modes of binding in structures of Leishmania major N-myristoyltransferase with selective inhibitors

AU - Brannigan, James A

AU - Roberts, Shirley M

AU - Bell, Andrew S

AU - Hutton, Jennie A

AU - Hodgkinson, Michael R

AU - Tate, Edward W

AU - Leatherbarrow, Robin J

AU - Smith, Deborah F

AU - Wilkinson, Anthony J

N1 - This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) Licence, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original authors and source are cited.

PY - 2014/7

Y1 - 2014/7

N2 - The leishmaniases are a spectrum of global diseases of poverty associated with immune dysfunction and are the cause of high morbidity. Despite the long history of these diseases, no effective vaccine is available and the currently used drugs are variously compromised by moderate efficacy, complex side effects and the emergence of resistance. It is therefore widely accepted that new therapies are needed. N-Myristoyltransferase (NMT) has been validated pre-clinically as a target for the treatment of fungal and parasitic infections. In a previously reported high-throughput screening program, a number of hit compounds with activity against NMT from Leishmania donovani have been identified. Here, high-resolution crystal structures of representative compounds from four hit series in ternary complexes with myristoyl-CoA and NMT from the closely related L. major are reported. The structures reveal that the inhibitors associate with the peptide-binding groove at a site adjacent to the bound myristoyl-CoA and the catalytic α-carboxylate of Leu421. Each inhibitor makes extensive apolar contacts as well as a small number of polar contacts with the protein. Remarkably, the compounds exploit different features of the peptide-binding groove and collectively occupy a substantial volume of this pocket, suggesting that there is potential for the design of chimaeric inhibitors with significantly enhanced binding. Despite the high conservation of the active sites of the parasite and human NMTs, the inhibitors act selectively over the host enzyme. The role of conformational flexibility in the side chain of Tyr217 in conferring selectivity is discussed.

AB - The leishmaniases are a spectrum of global diseases of poverty associated with immune dysfunction and are the cause of high morbidity. Despite the long history of these diseases, no effective vaccine is available and the currently used drugs are variously compromised by moderate efficacy, complex side effects and the emergence of resistance. It is therefore widely accepted that new therapies are needed. N-Myristoyltransferase (NMT) has been validated pre-clinically as a target for the treatment of fungal and parasitic infections. In a previously reported high-throughput screening program, a number of hit compounds with activity against NMT from Leishmania donovani have been identified. Here, high-resolution crystal structures of representative compounds from four hit series in ternary complexes with myristoyl-CoA and NMT from the closely related L. major are reported. The structures reveal that the inhibitors associate with the peptide-binding groove at a site adjacent to the bound myristoyl-CoA and the catalytic α-carboxylate of Leu421. Each inhibitor makes extensive apolar contacts as well as a small number of polar contacts with the protein. Remarkably, the compounds exploit different features of the peptide-binding groove and collectively occupy a substantial volume of this pocket, suggesting that there is potential for the design of chimaeric inhibitors with significantly enhanced binding. Despite the high conservation of the active sites of the parasite and human NMTs, the inhibitors act selectively over the host enzyme. The role of conformational flexibility in the side chain of Tyr217 in conferring selectivity is discussed.

U2 - 10.1107/S2052252514013001

DO - 10.1107/S2052252514013001

M3 - Article

VL - 1

SP - 250

EP - 260

JO - IUCrJ

JF - IUCrJ

SN - 2052-2525

IS - 4

ER -