Documenting social simulation models: The ODD protocol as a standard

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter



Publication details

Title of host publicationSimulating Social Complexity
DatePublished - 2013
Number of pages17
EditorsBruce Edmonds, Ruth Meyer
Original languageEnglish
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-540-93813-2
ISBN (Print)978-3-540-93812-5

Publication series

NameUnderstanding Complex Systems
ISSN (Print)18600832
ISSN (Electronic)18600840


The clear documentation of simulations is important for their communication, replication, and comprehension. It is thus helpful for such documentation to follow minimum standards. The ‘overview, design concepts, and details’ document protocol (ODD) is specifically designed to guide the description of individual- and agent-based simulation models (ABMs) in journal articles. Popular among ecologists, it is also increasingly used in the social simulation community. Here, we describe the protocol and give an annotated example of its use, with a view in facilitating its wider adoption and encouraging higher standards in simulation description.

    Research areas

  • Documentation protocol, Individual- and agent-based modelling, Overview, design concepts and details, Replication

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