Does teacher burnout affect students? A systematic review of its association with academic achievement and student-reported outcomes

Daniel J. Madigan, Lisa Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We provide the first systematic review of studies examining the consequences of teacher burnout for students. In doing so, we focused on academic achievement and student-reported outcomes. A systematic literature search returned 14 studies including 5,311 teachers and 50,616 of their students. The findings provided some evidence that teacher burnout is associated with worse academic achievement and lower quality student motivation, but little evidence that it is associated with student wellbeing. There is a clear need for more studies in this area, especially those adopting more robust designs, exploring moderating factors, and examining the mechanisms that explain these relationships. Nonetheless, the present findings provide preliminary evidence that teacher burnout can affect the students they teach.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101174
JournalInternational Journal of Educational Research
Early online date28 Nov 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

© 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy.


  • burnout
  • exhaustion
  • teacher attrition
  • students
  • student performance
  • academic achievement
  • mental health

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