TY - JOUR
T1 - Drift kinetic response of ions to magnetic island perturbation and effects on NTM threshold
AU - Imada, K.
AU - Wilson, H. R.
AU - Connor, J. W.
AU - Dudkovskaia, A. V.
AU - Hill, P.
N1 - © 2018, IOP Publishing Ltd.
PY - 2018/11/23
Y1 - 2018/11/23
N2 - Controlling neoclassical tearing modes (NTMs) is vital for future tokamaks, such as ITER. An NTM control system relies on the magnetic island threshold physics. In this paper, new results for the ion response to the island perturbation and its influence on the island evolution are presented. Considering a small island, w ≪ r, where r is the minor radius, but crucially retaining the ordering ρ bi ∼ w (relevant for threshold) to capture the finite orbit width effect, we determine the ion response using the drift kinetic equation. Momentum conservation and quasineutrality are taken into account, which are crucial for determining the current perturbations. The results show that the finite particle orbit effects are significant even for a moderately small ratio of ρ θ i /w (ρ θ i is the ion poloidal Larmor radius; ρ b i ∼ 1/2 ρ θ i ). When w ∼ ρ θ i , the flattening of the pressure gradient across the island is substantially restored, implying that the bootstrap current drive for the island growth is suppressed. Moreover, we find that for a sufficiently small island, w ≪ ρ θ i , the contribution can be negative, meaning that it can stabilize small seed islands, providing a threshold. This will have significant impact on our understanding of the NTM threshold physics.
AB - Controlling neoclassical tearing modes (NTMs) is vital for future tokamaks, such as ITER. An NTM control system relies on the magnetic island threshold physics. In this paper, new results for the ion response to the island perturbation and its influence on the island evolution are presented. Considering a small island, w ≪ r, where r is the minor radius, but crucially retaining the ordering ρ bi ∼ w (relevant for threshold) to capture the finite orbit width effect, we determine the ion response using the drift kinetic equation. Momentum conservation and quasineutrality are taken into account, which are crucial for determining the current perturbations. The results show that the finite particle orbit effects are significant even for a moderately small ratio of ρ θ i /w (ρ θ i is the ion poloidal Larmor radius; ρ b i ∼ 1/2 ρ θ i ). When w ∼ ρ θ i , the flattening of the pressure gradient across the island is substantially restored, implying that the bootstrap current drive for the island growth is suppressed. Moreover, we find that for a sufficiently small island, w ≪ ρ θ i , the contribution can be negative, meaning that it can stabilize small seed islands, providing a threshold. This will have significant impact on our understanding of the NTM threshold physics.
UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85058337905&partnerID=8YFLogxK
U2 - 10.1088/1742-6596/1125/1/012013
DO - 10.1088/1742-6596/1125/1/012013
M3 - Conference article
AN - SCOPUS:85058337905
VL - 1125
JO - Journal of Physics: Conference Series
JF - Journal of Physics: Conference Series
SN - 1742-6588
IS - 1
M1 - 012013
T2 - 2018 Joint Varenna-Lausanne International Workshop on the Theory of Fusion Plasmas
Y2 - 27 August 2018 through 31 August 2018
ER -