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Dyslexia and Developmental Language Disorder: comorbid disorders with distinct effects on reading comprehension

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Dyslexia and Developmental Language Disorder : comorbid disorders with distinct effects on reading comprehension. / Snowling, Margaret J; Hayiou-Thomas, Marianna E; Nash, Hannah M; Hulme, Charles.

In: Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 20.10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Snowling, MJ, Hayiou-Thomas, ME, Nash, HM & Hulme, C 2019, 'Dyslexia and Developmental Language Disorder: comorbid disorders with distinct effects on reading comprehension', Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13140

APA

Snowling, M. J., Hayiou-Thomas, M. E., Nash, H. M., & Hulme, C. (2019). Dyslexia and Developmental Language Disorder: comorbid disorders with distinct effects on reading comprehension. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13140

Vancouver

Snowling MJ, Hayiou-Thomas ME, Nash HM, Hulme C. Dyslexia and Developmental Language Disorder: comorbid disorders with distinct effects on reading comprehension. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry. 2019 Oct 20. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13140

Author

Snowling, Margaret J ; Hayiou-Thomas, Marianna E ; Nash, Hannah M ; Hulme, Charles. / Dyslexia and Developmental Language Disorder : comorbid disorders with distinct effects on reading comprehension. In: Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry. 2019.

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@article{9c6ca02923644f1890eeffc49eb57626,
title = "Dyslexia and Developmental Language Disorder: comorbid disorders with distinct effects on reading comprehension",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Reading comprehension draws on both decoding and linguistic comprehension, and poor reading comprehension can be the consequence of a deficit in either of these skills.METHODS: Using outcome data from the longitudinal Wellcome Language and Reading Project, we identified three groups of children at age 8 years: children with dyslexia (N = 21) who had deficits in decoding but not oral language, children with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD; N = 38) whose decoding skills were in the normal range, and children who met criteria for both dyslexia and DLD (N = 29).RESULTS: All three groups had reading comprehension difficulties at the ages of 8 and 9 years relative to TD controls though those of the children with dyslexia were mild (relative to TD controls, d = 0.51 at age 8, d = 0.60 at age 8); while the most severe problems were found in the comorbid dyslexia + DLD group (d = 1.79 at age 8, d = 2.06 at age 9) those with DLD also had significant difficulties (d = 1.56 at age 8, d = 1.56 at age 9).CONCLUSIONS: These findings confirm that children with dyslexia or DLD are at-risk for reading comprehension difficulties but for different reasons, because of weak decoding in the case of dyslexia or weak oral language skills in the case of DLD. Different forms of intervention are required for these groups of children, targeted to their particular area(s) of weakness.",
author = "Snowling, {Margaret J} and Hayiou-Thomas, {Marianna E} and Nash, {Hannah M} and Charles Hulme",
note = "{\circledC} 2019 The Authors. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health.",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1111/jcpp.13140",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry",
issn = "0021-9630",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Dyslexia and Developmental Language Disorder

T2 - comorbid disorders with distinct effects on reading comprehension

AU - Snowling, Margaret J

AU - Hayiou-Thomas, Marianna E

AU - Nash, Hannah M

AU - Hulme, Charles

N1 - © 2019 The Authors. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health.

PY - 2019/10/20

Y1 - 2019/10/20

N2 - BACKGROUND: Reading comprehension draws on both decoding and linguistic comprehension, and poor reading comprehension can be the consequence of a deficit in either of these skills.METHODS: Using outcome data from the longitudinal Wellcome Language and Reading Project, we identified three groups of children at age 8 years: children with dyslexia (N = 21) who had deficits in decoding but not oral language, children with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD; N = 38) whose decoding skills were in the normal range, and children who met criteria for both dyslexia and DLD (N = 29).RESULTS: All three groups had reading comprehension difficulties at the ages of 8 and 9 years relative to TD controls though those of the children with dyslexia were mild (relative to TD controls, d = 0.51 at age 8, d = 0.60 at age 8); while the most severe problems were found in the comorbid dyslexia + DLD group (d = 1.79 at age 8, d = 2.06 at age 9) those with DLD also had significant difficulties (d = 1.56 at age 8, d = 1.56 at age 9).CONCLUSIONS: These findings confirm that children with dyslexia or DLD are at-risk for reading comprehension difficulties but for different reasons, because of weak decoding in the case of dyslexia or weak oral language skills in the case of DLD. Different forms of intervention are required for these groups of children, targeted to their particular area(s) of weakness.

AB - BACKGROUND: Reading comprehension draws on both decoding and linguistic comprehension, and poor reading comprehension can be the consequence of a deficit in either of these skills.METHODS: Using outcome data from the longitudinal Wellcome Language and Reading Project, we identified three groups of children at age 8 years: children with dyslexia (N = 21) who had deficits in decoding but not oral language, children with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD; N = 38) whose decoding skills were in the normal range, and children who met criteria for both dyslexia and DLD (N = 29).RESULTS: All three groups had reading comprehension difficulties at the ages of 8 and 9 years relative to TD controls though those of the children with dyslexia were mild (relative to TD controls, d = 0.51 at age 8, d = 0.60 at age 8); while the most severe problems were found in the comorbid dyslexia + DLD group (d = 1.79 at age 8, d = 2.06 at age 9) those with DLD also had significant difficulties (d = 1.56 at age 8, d = 1.56 at age 9).CONCLUSIONS: These findings confirm that children with dyslexia or DLD are at-risk for reading comprehension difficulties but for different reasons, because of weak decoding in the case of dyslexia or weak oral language skills in the case of DLD. Different forms of intervention are required for these groups of children, targeted to their particular area(s) of weakness.

U2 - 10.1111/jcpp.13140

DO - 10.1111/jcpp.13140

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry

JF - Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry

SN - 0021-9630

ER -