E-learning during the COVID-19 lockdown: An interview study with primary school music teachers in Italy

Michele Biasutti, Roberta Antonini Philippe, Andrea Schiavio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The present article provides an in-depth look at the strategies and practices developed by a cohort of primary school music teachers in Italy to deliver online music lessons during the COVID-19 lockdown. We used a qualitative methodology based on semi-structured interviews to bring out our participants' voices and reflections in a very personal manner and examine their perspectives on issues important to their profession and daily work. We were interested in investigating which practices and strategies were used or developed to deal with the difficulties and positive aspects characterising their experiences as teachers during the lockdown period. A focus was put on lesson planning, time management, student involvement, and information and communication technology (ICT) skills. Qualitative data were analysed using an inductive method based on grounded theory, giving rise to the five following dimensions: classroom activities; the role of the school and staff members; teachers' interactions with children and their parents; positive outcomes; unresolved challenges. Participants discussed how they used ICT and managed their classes remotely, provided vivid descriptions of their professional relationships with colleagues and students, and reflected on the advantages and disadvantages of teaching music remotely, pointing to new ways to improve current teaching methodologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)256-270
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Music Education
Issue number2
Early online date21 Jul 2022
Publication statusPublished - May 2023

Bibliographical note

© The Author(s) 2022.


  • Music in schools
  • music teaching
  • primary schools
  • remote music learning

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