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Early Neolithic genomes from the eastern Fertile Crescent

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  • Farnaz Broushaki
  • Mark G. Thomas
  • Vivian Link
  • Saioa López
  • Lucy van Dorp
  • Karola Kirsanow
  • Zuzana Hofmanová
  • Yoan Diekmann
  • Lara M. Cassidy
  • David Díez-del-Molino
  • Athanasios Kousathanas
  • Christian Sell
  • Rui Martiniano
  • Jens Blöcher
  • Amelie Scheu
  • Susanne Kreutzer
  • Ruth Bollongino
  • Dean Bobo
  • Hossein Davudi
  • Olivia Munoz
  • Mathias Currat
  • Kamyar Abdi
  • Fereidoun Biglari
  • Daniel G Bradley
  • Stephen Shennan
  • Krishna R Veeramah
  • Marjan Mashkour
  • Daniel Wegmann
  • Garrett Hellenthal
  • Joachim Burger


Publication details

DateAccepted/In press - 7 Jul 2016
DatePublished (current) - 14 Jul 2016
Issue number6298
Number of pages7
Pages (from-to)1-6
Original languageEnglish


We sequenced Early Neolithic genomes from the Zagros region of Iran (eastern Fertile Crescent), where some of the earliest evidence for farming is found, and identify a previously uncharacterized population that is neither ancestral to the first European farmers nor has contributed significantly to the ancestry of modern Europeans. These people are estimated to have separated from Early Neolithic farmers in Anatolia some 51- 77,000 years ago and show affinities to modern day Pakistani and Afghan populations, but particularly to Iranian Zoroastrians. We conclude that multiple, genetically differentiated hunter-gatherer populations adopted farming in SW-Asia, that components of pre-Neolithic population structure were preserved as farming spread into neighboring regions, and that the Zagros region was the cradle of eastward expansion.

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Copyright 2016 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science; all rights reserved. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.

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