The emphasis Burke placed on the role of feeling in moral and political life is an obvious feature of his thought. Less obvious is what Burke understood by a feeling and it is a question that has been largely overlooked in modern scholarship. This article suggests that Burke entertained different and incompatible theories of emotion. In early works, he often endorsed a non-cognitive theory of affect: here emotions were essentially non-reasoning states. But he later rejected this position and insisted upon the intrinsic rationality of feeling. This article examines the philosophical content and political significance of these rival outlooks.