Effect of bone meal (calcium phosphate) amendments on metal release from contaminated soils - a leaching column study

M E Hodson, E Valsami-Jones, J D Cotter-Howells, W E Dubbin, A J Kemp, I Thornton, A Warren

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Metal-contaminated soil may be remediated in situ by the formation of highly insoluble metal phosphates if an appropriate phosphorus (P) source can be found. Leaching column experiments have been carried out to assess the suitability of bone meal as such a source. Bone meal additions reduced metal release from a contaminated soil, increased soil and leachate pH and decreased soil leachate toxicity. Minimal P leaching occurred from the soil. The data are consistent with a proton consuming bone meal (calcium phosphate) dissolution reaction followed by the formation of metal phosphates. Although, no metal phosphates were observed to form using X-ray diffraction or scanning electron microscopy this could be due to their low concentration. Relatively low (1:50 bone meal:soil) concentrations of fine (90-500 mum) bone meal would appear to be an effective treatment for metal-contaminated soils. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-243
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2001

Bibliographical note

© 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd.

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