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Effect of Brassica napus cultivar on cellulosic ethanol yield

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Effect of Brassica napus cultivar on cellulosic ethanol yield. / Wood, Ian P; Wellner, Nikolaus; Elliston, Adam; Wilson, David R.; Bancroft, Ian; Waldron, Keith W.

In: Biotechnology for biofuels, Vol. 8, 99, 11.07.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Wood, IP, Wellner, N, Elliston, A, Wilson, DR, Bancroft, I & Waldron, KW 2015, 'Effect of Brassica napus cultivar on cellulosic ethanol yield', Biotechnology for biofuels, vol. 8, 99. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13068-015-0278-z

APA

Wood, I. P., Wellner, N., Elliston, A., Wilson, D. R., Bancroft, I., & Waldron, K. W. (2015). Effect of Brassica napus cultivar on cellulosic ethanol yield. Biotechnology for biofuels, 8, [99]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13068-015-0278-z

Vancouver

Wood IP, Wellner N, Elliston A, Wilson DR, Bancroft I, Waldron KW. Effect of Brassica napus cultivar on cellulosic ethanol yield. Biotechnology for biofuels. 2015 Jul 11;8. 99. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13068-015-0278-z

Author

Wood, Ian P ; Wellner, Nikolaus ; Elliston, Adam ; Wilson, David R. ; Bancroft, Ian ; Waldron, Keith W. / Effect of Brassica napus cultivar on cellulosic ethanol yield. In: Biotechnology for biofuels. 2015 ; Vol. 8.

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@article{6070a8249b9b4a24bbd5748dc50101be,
title = "Effect of Brassica napus cultivar on cellulosic ethanol yield",
abstract = "BackgroundIntraspecific variations in biomass composition are likely to influence their suitability for biorefining. This may be particularly important in species such as Brassica napus, which contain many different crop types bred for different purposes. Here, straw derived from 17 B. napus cultivars, of varying crop types, were steam exploded, saccharified and fermented to establish differences in biomass composition relevant to cellulosic ethanol production.ResultsDespite being grown and processed in the same manner, straw from the various cultivars produced different saccharification and fermentation yields after processing. Fermentation inhibitor abundances released by steam explosion also varied between genotypes. Cultivars with glucan-rich straw did not necessarily produce higher saccharification or ethanol yields after processing. Instead, the compositions of non-cellulosic components were more reliable indicators of substrate quality. The abundance of pectins and arabinogalactans had the greatest influence on saccharification efficiency between straw genotypes.ConclusionsIn dicotyledonous species, such as B. napus, variations in the abundance of pectins between crop cultivars are likely to influence processing efficiency for bioethanol production. Knowledge of these genotypic variants provides targets for plant breeding and could aid in the development of improved cellulase cocktails.Keywords: Bioethanol; Biomass saccharification; Crop cultivars; Cultivar variation; Dicot; Dicotyledonous; Oilseed rape; Fermentation; Pretreatment; Rapeseed straw",
author = "Wood, {Ian P} and Nikolaus Wellner and Adam Elliston and Wilson, {David R.} and Ian Bancroft and Waldron, {Keith W.}",
year = "2015",
month = "7",
day = "11",
doi = "10.1186/s13068-015-0278-z",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
journal = "Biotechnology for biofuels",
issn = "1754-6834",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of Brassica napus cultivar on cellulosic ethanol yield

AU - Wood, Ian P

AU - Wellner, Nikolaus

AU - Elliston, Adam

AU - Wilson, David R.

AU - Bancroft, Ian

AU - Waldron, Keith W.

PY - 2015/7/11

Y1 - 2015/7/11

N2 - BackgroundIntraspecific variations in biomass composition are likely to influence their suitability for biorefining. This may be particularly important in species such as Brassica napus, which contain many different crop types bred for different purposes. Here, straw derived from 17 B. napus cultivars, of varying crop types, were steam exploded, saccharified and fermented to establish differences in biomass composition relevant to cellulosic ethanol production.ResultsDespite being grown and processed in the same manner, straw from the various cultivars produced different saccharification and fermentation yields after processing. Fermentation inhibitor abundances released by steam explosion also varied between genotypes. Cultivars with glucan-rich straw did not necessarily produce higher saccharification or ethanol yields after processing. Instead, the compositions of non-cellulosic components were more reliable indicators of substrate quality. The abundance of pectins and arabinogalactans had the greatest influence on saccharification efficiency between straw genotypes.ConclusionsIn dicotyledonous species, such as B. napus, variations in the abundance of pectins between crop cultivars are likely to influence processing efficiency for bioethanol production. Knowledge of these genotypic variants provides targets for plant breeding and could aid in the development of improved cellulase cocktails.Keywords: Bioethanol; Biomass saccharification; Crop cultivars; Cultivar variation; Dicot; Dicotyledonous; Oilseed rape; Fermentation; Pretreatment; Rapeseed straw

AB - BackgroundIntraspecific variations in biomass composition are likely to influence their suitability for biorefining. This may be particularly important in species such as Brassica napus, which contain many different crop types bred for different purposes. Here, straw derived from 17 B. napus cultivars, of varying crop types, were steam exploded, saccharified and fermented to establish differences in biomass composition relevant to cellulosic ethanol production.ResultsDespite being grown and processed in the same manner, straw from the various cultivars produced different saccharification and fermentation yields after processing. Fermentation inhibitor abundances released by steam explosion also varied between genotypes. Cultivars with glucan-rich straw did not necessarily produce higher saccharification or ethanol yields after processing. Instead, the compositions of non-cellulosic components were more reliable indicators of substrate quality. The abundance of pectins and arabinogalactans had the greatest influence on saccharification efficiency between straw genotypes.ConclusionsIn dicotyledonous species, such as B. napus, variations in the abundance of pectins between crop cultivars are likely to influence processing efficiency for bioethanol production. Knowledge of these genotypic variants provides targets for plant breeding and could aid in the development of improved cellulase cocktails.Keywords: Bioethanol; Biomass saccharification; Crop cultivars; Cultivar variation; Dicot; Dicotyledonous; Oilseed rape; Fermentation; Pretreatment; Rapeseed straw

U2 - 10.1186/s13068-015-0278-z

DO - 10.1186/s13068-015-0278-z

M3 - Article

VL - 8

JO - Biotechnology for biofuels

JF - Biotechnology for biofuels

SN - 1754-6834

M1 - 99

ER -