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Effect of introducing thioether linkages on the molecular organization of chiral twin liquid crystals

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DatePublished - Nov 2004
Issue number11
Number of pages8
Pages (from-to)1495-1502
Original languageEnglish


Novel symmetric and non-symmetric chiral twin compounds possessing one or two thioether groups in a central spacer were prepared, and the effect of substituting oxygen for sulphur on the liquid crystalline properties investigated. Chiral twin compounds possessing an alkylsulphanyl spacer showed an antiferroelectric phase exclusively. However, replacing the alkyloxy chain of the analogous monomer by the alkylsulphanyl chain has no significant effect on the phase transition behaviour, i.e. both of the monomers showed the ferro- and ferri-electric phases as well as the antiferroelectric phase. Thus, different effects of introducing the thioether linkage were for the first time observed between twin and monomeric systems. The introduction of oxygen or sulphur atoms into the central alkyl spacer of the chiral twin was also investigated, and these modifications were found to stabilize the SmA phase. Furthermore, the twin compound possessing a thiaalkyl spacer showed two different molecular assemblies in the smectic A phase.

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