Effects of a priori liking on the elicitation of mimicry

Mariëlle Stel, Rick B van Baaren, Jim Blascovich, Eric van Dijk, Cade McCall, Monique M H Pollmann, Matthijs L van Leeuwen, Jessanne Mastop, Roos Vonk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mimicry and prosocial feelings are generally thought to be positively related. However, the conditions under which mimicry and liking are related largely remain unspecified. We advance this specification by examining the relationship between mimicry and liking more thoroughly. In two experiments, we manipulated an individual's a priori liking for another and investigated whether it influenced mimicry of that person. Our experiments demonstrate that in the presence of a reason to like a target, automatic mimicry is increased. However, mimicry did not decrease when disliking a target. These studies provide further evidence of a link between mimicry and liking and extend previous research by showing that a certain level of mimicry even occurs when mimicry behavior is inconsistent with one's goals or motivations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)412-8
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental psychology
Volume57
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Emotions
  • Facial Expression
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Imitative Behavior
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Male
  • Motivation
  • Regression Analysis
  • Social Behavior
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

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