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Effects of a priori liking on the elicitation of mimicry

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Published copy (DOI)

Author(s)

  • Mariëlle Stel
  • Rick B van Baaren
  • Jim Blascovich
  • Eric van Dijk
  • Cade McCall
  • Monique M H Pollmann
  • Matthijs L van Leeuwen
  • Jessanne Mastop
  • Roos Vonk

Department/unit(s)

Publication details

JournalExperimental psychology
DatePublished - 2010
Issue number6
Volume57
Number of pages7
Pages (from-to)412-8
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Mimicry and prosocial feelings are generally thought to be positively related. However, the conditions under which mimicry and liking are related largely remain unspecified. We advance this specification by examining the relationship between mimicry and liking more thoroughly. In two experiments, we manipulated an individual's a priori liking for another and investigated whether it influenced mimicry of that person. Our experiments demonstrate that in the presence of a reason to like a target, automatic mimicry is increased. However, mimicry did not decrease when disliking a target. These studies provide further evidence of a link between mimicry and liking and extend previous research by showing that a certain level of mimicry even occurs when mimicry behavior is inconsistent with one's goals or motivations.

    Research areas

  • Adolescent, Adult, Analysis of Variance, Emotions, Facial Expression, Female, Humans, Imitative Behavior, Interpersonal Relations, Male, Motivation, Regression Analysis, Social Behavior, Surveys and Questionnaires

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