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EFFECTS OF SCALE ON DETECTING INTERACTIONS BETWEEN COLEOPHORA AND ERIOCRANIA LEAF-MINERS

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JournalEcological entomology
DatePublished - Aug 1994
Issue number3
Volume19
Number of pages6
Pages (from-to)257-262
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

1. The possibility of interactions between leaf-miners in the genus Eriocrania and Coleophora serratella L. on birch (Betula pendula Ehrh. and B.pubescens Roth.) was studied via: (i) co-occurrence patterns on random samples of leaves; (ii) palatability of Eriocraniidae-mined leaves to C. serratella, in laboratory and field preference tests.

2. In the field, C. serratella and Eriocrania spp. fed on common leaves less frequently than expected by chance. This result is consistent with, and could be explained by, the avoidance of mined leaves shown by C.serratella in most of the feeding trials.

3. Avoidance was not observed at the between-tree level, i.e. the number of leaves mined by each type of insect was unrelated. However, when tree species was taken into account, an inverse distribution was observed: mine abundance was higher for Eriocrania spp. on B.pubescens, whereas for C.serratella it was higher on B.pendula.

4. B.pubescens leaves mined by Eriocrania spp. had consistently higher phenolic contents and were better at precipitating proteins than unmined leaves. These induced chemical changes could explain the reduced preference shown by C.serratella for Eriocrania mined leaves.

5. We speculate about the evolution of adult host-plant selection shown by these insects in response to potential larval interactions.

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