Electron microscopy in the catalysis of alkane oxidation,environmental control, and alternative energy sources

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JournalANNUAL REVIEW OF MATERIALS RESEARCH
DatePublished - 2005
Volume35
Number of pages42
Pages (from-to)465-504
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The key role of electron microscopy in understanding and creating advanced catalyst materials and processes in selective alkane oxidation, environmental control, and alternative energy sources is reviewed. In many technological processes, catalysts are increasingly nanoscale heterogeneous materials. With growing regulatory guidelines requiring efficient and environmentally compatible catalytic processes, it is crucial to have a fundamental understanding of the catalyst nanostructure and modes of operation under reaction conditions to design novel catalysts and processes. The review highlights the pioneering development and applications of atomic resolution in situ-environmental transmission electron microscopy (ETEM) for probing dynamic catalysis directly at the atomic level, high-resolution electron microscopy, and analytical spectroscopic methods in the development of alkane catalyzation, environmental protection, and new energy sources.

    Research areas

  • hydrocarbon technology, environmental catalysts, in situ ETEM, TEM, nanostructures, hydrogen energy, HIGH-TEMPERATURE REDUCTION, METAL-SUPPORT INTERACTIONS, N-BUTANE OXIDATION, NITRATE RH/CE0.6ZR0.4O2 CATALYSTS, VANADYL PYROPHOSPHATE CATALYSTS, PD/CERIA-ZIRCONIA CATALYST, OXYGEN BUFFERING CAPACITY, FLUIDIZED-BED REACTOR, FILM MODEL CATALYSTS, METHANOL FUEL-CELL

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